The Stickiest *Non-Sticky* Substance 

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Adhesives based on gecko skin can hold huge weights - without sticking to anything. Head to brilliant.org/Veritasium to start your free trial. The first 200 of you will get 20% off Brilliant’s annual premium subscription.
Thanks to Dr. Mark Cutkosky, Tony Chen, Amar Hajj-Ahmad, and the rest of the Biomimetics and Dexterous Manipulation Lab at Stanford University for showing us the power of gecko adhesives.
Russell, A. P., Stark, A. Y., & Higham, T. E. (2019). The integrative biology of gecko adhesion: historical review, current understanding, and grand challenges. Integrative and comparative biology, 59(1), 101-116. - ve42.co/Russell2019
Hajj-Ahmad, A., Suresh, S. A., and Cutkosky, M. R. (June 6, 2021). "Cutting to the Point: Directly Machined Metal Molds for Directional Gecko-Inspired Adhesives." ASME. J. Micro Nano-Manuf. - ve42.co/Hajj-Ahmad2021
Kerst, Capella F., "Gecko inspired adhesives : permanent practical manufacturing, new materials, and applications," PhD Thesis, Stanford University, December 2020. - ve42.co/Kerst2020
Suresh, S.A. "Engineering Gecko-Inspired Adhesives." Ph.D. thesis, Stanford University, 2020. [Online]. - ve42.co/Suresh2020
Suresh, S.A., Kerst, C.F., Cutkosky, M.R., Hawkes, E.W. "Spatially variant microstructured adhesive with one-way friction." Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 2019. - ve42.co/Suresh2019
Glick, P., Suresh, S.A., Ruffatto III, D., Cutkosky, M.R., Tolley, M.T., and Parness, A. "A soft robotic gripper with gecko-inspired adhesive." Robotics and Automation Letters. 2018. - ve42.co/Glick2018
Christensen, D.L., Hawkes, E.W., Suresh, S.A., Ladenheim, K. and Cutkosky, M.R., "µTugs: Enabling Microrobots to Deliver Macro Forces with Controllable Adhesives," IEEE/ICRA 2015 (preprint). - ve42.co/Christensen2015
Hawkes, E. W., "Applying Dry Adhesives to the Real World," Ph.D. thesis, Stanford University, 2015. - ve42.co/Hawkes2015
Special thanks to our Patreon supporters:
Meg Noah, Bernard McGee, James Sanger, Elliot Miller, Brian Busbee, Jerome Barakos M.D., Amadeo Bee, TTST, Balkrishna Heroor, Chris LaClair, John H. Austin Jr., Eric Sexton, John Kiehl, Anton Ragin, Diffbot, Gnare, Dave Kircher, Burt Humburg, Blake Byers, Evgeny Skvortsov, Meekay, Bill Linder, Paul Peijzel, Josh Hibschman, Mac Malkawi, Mike Schneider, John Bauer, Jim Buckmaster, Juan Benet, Sunil Nagaraj, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Stephen Wilcox, Marinus Kuivenhoven, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi
Written by Derek Muller & Petr Lebedev
Edited by Trenton Oliver
Animation by Ivy Tello
Filmed by Derek Muller & Albert Leung
Additional video/photos supplied by Pond5 & Getty Images
Music from Epidemic Sound
Exec. Produced by Derek Muller, Petr Lebedev, and Emily Zhang









NightHawkInLight 8 ヶ月 前
Definitely the most impressive gecko tape I've seen. Neat stuff
revoxx 8 ヶ月 前
It's definitely the most impressive gecko tape I've seen too, which is not saying much, since this is the *only* gecko tape I've seen...
Sigilstone17 8 ヶ月 前
Now we just need you to show us how to make it for the price of the change between the couch cushions and an expired Arby's coupon
jon c
jon c 8 ヶ月 前
Yeah top 5
wfemp _
wfemp _ 8 ヶ月 前
That's the second most impressive gecko tape I've ever seen.
Wet Doggo
Wet Doggo 8 ヶ月 前
I guess you're going to make some soon? make sure the wax is almost perfectly flat before cutting the grooves... which should definitely be done by a machine 🤔 if you're able to get those ridges longer, it should be able to stick to rougher surfaces, since they can comply a lot better.
Jason Doust
Jason Doust 8 ヶ月 前
I had my equivalent of a Disney moment in my garden a few weeks ago when a gecko landed on the back of my hand. Having the real thing walk across my skin was remarkable. I swear that I could feel the pads of its feet moulding to the profile of my skin and this video kind of confirms that experience. (Beautiful little shimmering speckled beasty!) I let it down gently onto a tussock grass and it went on its way. Biomimetics has much to teach us.
Hzur9887 7 ヶ月 前
A gecko falling on my hand is my worst nightmare since I have Batrachophobia.
Chris1848 7 ヶ月 前
What is a Disney moment
AloneSitoYT 7 ヶ月 前
East 6 ヶ月 前
@Hzur9887 do you mean Herpetophobia (fear of reptiles) ? Batrachophobia is fear of frogs
Gaming Gaming
Gaming Gaming 4 ヶ月 前
@EastThey are incredibly afraid that the gecko is friends with a frog.
Ekansh Gupta
Ekansh Gupta 8 ヶ月 前
I've always thought that wander walls forces are very weak. I knew that it acted between the atomic sheets of graphite and holds the entire thing together but after seeing this video I think completely different about this amazing force which could handle sheer strength. Imagine how much strong it would be if we were to replicate it exactly like that of a gecko has!
Florian Ambach
Florian Ambach 7 ヶ月 前
Just for clarification all forces between partial charged atoms are called van der waals forces what he is specifically referring to is called London dispersion forces
Ekansh Gupta
Ekansh Gupta 7 ヶ月 前
@Florian Ambach oh! Thanks! 😊
+Tec 2 ヶ月 前
Those forces are also what keep the polymer chains in thermoplastics together
Arbee 7 ヶ月 前
I remember watching a seminar on this topic during my UCSB freshman chemical engineering orientation tour in 2009. Crazy to see the early research I learned about coming to fruition 14 years later.
h8utubesomuch 8 ヶ月 前
This is one of the most impressive and incredible things that I’ve seen in a long time.
MrBlank 7 ヶ月 前
hehe nice
J.O. Kearns
J.O. Kearns 4 ヶ月 前
Imagine if we used this concept, then applied it to every day walking shoes/ slip resistant boots or foot wear in general. Cool concept
cjxgraphics 7 ヶ月 前
I really thought those little ridges would be going the other direction, and gripping into whatever they were holding! But this is even more interesting. Looking forward to where this tech could lead in a few years/decades!
Anand Sukhbaatar
Anand Sukhbaatar 7 ヶ月 前
Anand Sukhbaatar
Anand Sukhbaatar 7 ヶ月 前
bdmlstanford 8 ヶ月 前
Thanks so much to Derek and team for visiting our lab! This was a great video on our gecko-inspired adhesives, and the best explanation yet of Van der Waals forces.
-Dash. 8 ヶ月 前
are there a limit to how much you can use each piece of gecko adhesive? do the small structures degrade overtime so its not as sticky anymore?
Sumcrab 8 ヶ月 前
Great work you're doing. Nature is so inspiring and we have so much to learn. Question: did you do tests, how your product works/doesn't work on anti-stick (Lotus inspired) materials? Keep up the good work :)
Tobi 8 ヶ月 前
Would it be possible to cover a pipe with the material so that it could be used instead of tire profile. I think it would create way more friction/traction than any slick tire would in good conditions. The pipe would just have to be long enough to have enough contact points… please try and tell me how it went, would be super cool
Roman Chavez
Roman Chavez 8 ヶ月 前
White Rabbit when we are asleep we are still conscious. Many people are ignorant on the aspect of what consciousness really is but in the reality we are always awake. It really shows that when we are awake we still don’t know anything given our ego of perception.
polerin 8 ヶ月 前
I assume it's not currently available as a commercial product, but I might have a non-robotics use for it.. is there a way to get some to experiment? This is just amazing.
Zachary O'Hare
Zachary O'Hare 8 ヶ月 前
Amazing. Definitely want to see some climbing- but definitely as equally interested in real commercial uses- there's definitely applications in emergency self rescue type stuff- but what about something like picking up a car or a windshield? I love the idea of conveyers/sprag type deals. This is neat stuff. even just as a tape to stick to itself in a strip- in theory it could be used to wrap things, and then be released by a brief pulsed torsional shock.
Jonathan Bailie
Jonathan Bailie 5 ヶ月 前
It is incredibly fascinating that nature somehow figures all this out and utilizes it perfectly
VoltisArt 4 ヶ月 前
All those branches in the microscope shot of the gecko pads are very similar to how nature figures things out. In the case of nature, most of the branches don't work, but a few do, resulting in evolution and natural selection. (Multiple sources say about 99% of species go extinct.) A "working" branch doesn't mean the _best_ selection, it just means the one that got to make babies and pass its DNA forward, making at least one more branch. Geckos are a very weird and very cool group of branches.
Wonton's YouTube channel
Makes sense to me. Evolution had quite a long time patch the bugs
Dan 4 ヶ月 前
A few problems with the theory of evolution. 1. Gaps in the Fossil Record: The fossil record provides valuable evidence for the history of life on Earth. However, there are gaps in the fossil record where transitional forms between different species or major groups are missing. This has led to questions and debates about the completeness of the fossil record and the extent of transitional fossils. 2. Origin of Complex Structures: The origin of complex structures and organs in organisms, such as the eye or the bacterial flagellum, has been a topic of discussion. Critics argue that the step-by-step evolution of such complex structures through natural selection and gradual modifications may pose challenges. 3. Irreducible Complexity: The concept of irreducible complexity, proposed by biochemist Michael Behe, suggests that certain biological systems are so intricately designed that their components are interdependent, making it unlikely for them to have evolved in a stepwise manner. However, this argument has been challenged by evolutionary biologists who argue that complex structures can evolve through incremental changes, with intermediate stages serving different functions. 4. Origin of Life: The theory of evolution focuses on the diversity and adaptation of life forms once life has originated. The question of how life originated from non-living matter, known as abiogenesis, is a separate field of study. While there are various hypotheses and ongoing research in this area, the exact mechanisms of abiogenesis are still not fully understood. 5. Genetic and Epigenetic Factors: Advances in genetics and epigenetics have provided new insights into the complexity of gene regulation and hereditary mechanisms. Some argue that these factors challenge certain aspects of traditional evolutionary theory, raising questions about the role of non-genetic inheritance, epigenetic modifications, and the interplay between genes and the environment in evolution.
Jacob Wilson
Jacob Wilson 3 ヶ月 前
​@Dannot really. Want to email and discuss this further? You've got some misconceptions
Omar Afifi
Omar Afifi 3 ヶ月 前
Yeah its nature ofcourse, surely gaslighting yourself into thinking that something this precise is somehow has been created rather than asking yourself that someone with a higher power has to be the creator is mind blowing to me.
Danny Hollis
Danny Hollis 6 ヶ月 前
I remember years ago as a young teen reading in a science magazine that someone was developing this. It's so cool to actually learn about the progress
Franklin Hammond
0:00: 🦎 Artificial gecko skin is a unique material that mimics gecko skin and has various applications in robotics and climbing walls. 2:47: 🦎 Geckos stick to surfaces using the weak attraction between neutral atoms. 5:26: 🔬 The video explains the process of creating fine structures using a labor-intensive process involving a mold and silicone adhesive. 8:28: 🚀 Gecko adhesive was tested on a robot in the International Space Station and successfully stuck to walls and picked up objects. 10:46: 🦎 The video explores the use of gecko adhesive to anchor a winch and climb buildings. Recap by Tammy AI
shantsa 2 ヶ月 前
I learnt something today, and thank you @ Veritasium. To say the least, your videos are truely unique with simple explaination on complex material, its a combination of academic, pragmatic and fun. so 10/10. Keep it going. (science lover)
jem 56
jem 56 4 ヶ月 前
So cool to learn how this stuff is actually made! I've been hearing about the gecko tech for years and all it can do, this is truly awesome.
BlackDragonBE 6 ヶ月 前
Incredible. This has been one of the most fascinating videos I've seen in a long time. Imagine all the things we can do with that gecko tape! I wonder when we'll be able to buy it, I'd love to do some experimenting.
Karimaru 7 ヶ月 前
YES! Thank you for this! I’ve been watching for someone to talk about van der waals force! I saw a study from MIT where students actually held up a dictionary with a 1cm^2 square of carbon nanotubes. Super cool tech. Didn’t realized someone had worked van der waals into a tape.
Dirk Wachter
Dirk Wachter 8 ヶ月 前
Wow. I wish I had had a chance to get into this kind of mechanical research. So fascinating
frogisis ヶ月 前
That is so cool. I'd imagine eventually you could culture a big sheet of gecko foot skin cells in a life support medium and just separate sheet after sheet of the keratin(?) they deposit to get the real deal, or replicate the same molecular pathways using enzymes in solution inside like a collagen framework without needing real cells at all. Gecko feet make the stuff just fine, I'm sure before too long we can do whatever they're doing to get it.
Voidlighter 8 ヶ月 前
I'm blown away by how Vertiasium finds such fascinating topics all the time. I love so much learning fun things like this!
nocturnomedieval 8 ヶ月 前
I see what you did, it's Bradtastic.
KUSHxKiNG 8 ヶ月 前
He find topics you only think about when your high lmfao. Dude is great and makes everything interesting.
Dat dragon from mortal kombat.
He's basically Vsauce, with less weirdness and more travelling. I am always excited when new video comes out.
joshmdmd 8 ヶ月 前
people contact him
Renderererer 8 ヶ月 前
This tech has been around for some time, perhaps not as matured as it is now. I remember a buzz during the time one of the MI movies came out where Tom Cruise uses an advanced(albeit fictional) version of this to climb the Burj Khalifa.
Lance Soto
Lance Soto 8 ヶ月 前
Bro you know your science that's for sure. You're incredibly entertaining to listen to. I love science but I'll be the first one to say I wish I had made it a bigger part of my life.
Jon Richfield
Jon Richfield 2 ヶ月 前
I love this (and geckoes and insects with such surfaces under their feet). Incidentally, as well as under their feet, at least some geckoes have such a patch under the original tail (not the regenerated tail after losing the first one, having regrown the lost tail, they simply have to carry the new tail once it has re-grown).
Kiran Ghadge
Kiran Ghadge 6 ヶ月 前
Amazing! Back in march 2015 I happened to walk into Mark Cutkosky's lab and talked to him. I saw some students playing with a heap of plastic geckos next to a wall panel. Now I know what he was up to then.
Glorious Trump
Glorious Trump 2 ヶ月 前
Ale Lion
Ale Lion 8 ヶ月 前
Pop quiz: Do polar N2O and nonpolar CO2 liquids mix under a pressure chamber even though they have similar densities? If not, what would happen when you tried to make both liquids supercritical in the same chamber? If one were to be very rich and irradiate one of the molecules, N2O, with neutrons, would the density of enriched N2O be greater than normal CO2? Just a few thoughts.
Tharxis 7 ヶ月 前
I've seen that kinda phenomenon with a certain type of plant that grows in the wild. It's probably got the same structure as the artificial gecko skin. When you brush your finger against its blade, it's going to stick and sting like it's got little sharp edges all along its area, but if you brush along, you don't feel anything. I think it's pretty similar.
Maeve Smith
Maeve Smith 7 ヶ月 前
Those are cool in their own right! They actually use microscopic barb like structures that grow in one direction, so that when you slide your hand or fingers along it in the same direction they grow, it feels slick and smooth with no resistance, but in the opposite direction every one of those barbs is digging in and causing that pain. No Van Der Waals forces to speak of, but it's a really interesting mechanism all the same!
I Love Cats
I Love Cats 8 ヶ月 前
Idea that a living organism, and somewhat large at that, uses van der waal forces to move is mindblowing
MetalMachine 8 ヶ月 前
Evolution finds a way.
Charlie Miller
Charlie Miller 8 ヶ月 前
Evolution may be a slow and highly stochastic process but it'll optimize the hell out of solutions to problems.
Isaac K
Isaac K 8 ヶ月 前
No way it happened without intelligence
Big Boss
Big Boss 8 ヶ月 前
@Isaac K wdym
Legendendear 8 ヶ月 前
@Isaac K Agreed. No way random processes can produce what the smartest humans alive cannot replicate.
SadFace 6 ヶ月 前
This reminds me of the phone book mythbusters episode where it took two tanks to pull two phone books apart that had their pages interwoven with each other. If I recall, the physics behind that is just simple friction, though I guess it would be the same forces applied here? It's not like the phone book pages were electrostatically charged, so I assume the force holding them together were also Van Der Waal.
Mark Hutchins
Mark Hutchins 8 ヶ月 前
Great video! My son has 4 crested geckos and it’s amazing how they stick to and climb on the glass of their enclosure. Their feet feel funny too and it’s always made us wonder how
ursus ludens
ursus ludens 3 ヶ月 前
I remember I watched a documentary on this about 9 years ago, now it's widely known. I love science
Deus Ex Nihilo
Deus Ex Nihilo 8 ヶ月 前
I'd love some work gloves with this. As a machinist, holding on to metal parts with normal rubber gloves is incredibly tricky if there's any oil on the part or the gloves. I imagine making this stuff is still incredibly expensive though
V Tushar
V Tushar 7 ヶ月 前
Well that wouldnt work prolly if it had oil on the surface cuz it relies on vander walls force i.e. attraction between the atom of the gecko to the atoms at the surface of the hammer. So oil will basically be sliding and it might as well get stuck in between the ridges destroying the gecko tape
buttery_molala_Ot7 7 ヶ月 前
Hey veritasium I love your videos on such topics and I wanted that you should also make video about the concept of 10% rule of energy transfer in trophic levels thank you
Alejandro Escalera
Alejandro Escalera 8 ヶ月 前
Hello Derek, I have an idea for a video. In chemistry, I learned that in redox reactions, electrons transfer, but it was never quite explained how or why exactly they do it. I would love a video about this process, which I found out is explained using quantum mechanics. That way, I might finally understand how the electrochemical potential table forms and why different organisms are an-/aerobic on a deeper level. If you (not Derek) read this and also wonder how this works, I would appreciate if you could give this comment a push so that Derek sees it. Thanks, keep up the good work, and greetings from Switzerland. Alejandro
Tal Dickman
Tal Dickman 8 ヶ月 前
Sasquatch PJs
Sasquatch PJs 8 ヶ月 前
max van mon
max van mon 8 ヶ月 前
Joachim Von Grimorium
Electric paisy
Electric paisy 8 ヶ月 前
We talked about this principle in Nanotechnology class, but it's super cool to see it applied to an actual usecase here.
Incredible how far ahead nature is at every corner.
June Bug
June Bug 7 ヶ月 前
The applications for this in the trad climbing community could be great. In trad climbing, gear is placed in cracks and faults in the rock to catch a potential fall, but this isn't really possible currently on flatter surfaces with less cracks for gear placement. With this it could be possible to place gear on a flat surface, let it sit there while the climber climbs, and catch their fall if they do. It would completely open up a whole world of harder trad climbs that haven't been possible due to lack of gear placements for protection.
Brandon Longwell
Brandon Longwell 2 ヶ月 前
Would a shoe bottom with this make doing the moonwalk easier? Would it be like flubber for sprints or long jumps? The single direction friction seems like it could make an interesting advantage in sport footwear.
Nicholas P
Nicholas P 6 ヶ月 前
Hoping someone can shine some light on a question. Ignoring the fact that the gecko skin works in one direction only (being a benefit of the gecko skin), with that being said would the artificial gecko skin if it was made flat (like glass) would it stay permanently fixed to glass once applied since there would be maximum contact between the two surfaces?
TimeBucks 8 ヶ月 前
I love stuff like this
Sanjay pal
Sanjay pal 8 ヶ月 前
Very nice
Anam Parveen
Anam Parveen 8 ヶ月 前
Bui Phong
Bui Phong 8 ヶ月 前
i like it
Tehbvx Xhv
Tehbvx Xhv 8 ヶ月 前
Very nice 👍
Gopal Shil
Gopal Shil 8 ヶ月 前
Anshul Garg
Anshul Garg 5 ヶ月 前
Amazing video again!!! Wonder if you can do a video on the information in the vector space around us. Mean - where I'm in space, a camera or a telescope captures so much more then my eyes, meaning the information is present at the point where these measuring objects are placed. Telescope doesn't go to moon and get the image. So obviously in a tiny space there's is almost infinite information
Peter Kulhavý
Peter Kulhavý 4 ヶ月 前
That is amazing and I really love this channel. Its amazing what we as human race can achieve when we really try.
Nautilus Guitars
Nautilus Guitars 8 ヶ月 前
I feel like this would be relatively easy to make with the right setup. Even a desktop cnc fitted with an incredibly high quality blade should be able to produce this surface directly on the "part". It would require a lot of custom toolpath work, but that shouldn't be too difficult. Or to make a mold, some sort of thermoplastic could be held at a temperature that keeps it soft for cutting, then cooled to have a more durable surface. Wish I had more time to work on this. It would be a fun project.
Unwanted Vijay
Unwanted Vijay 5 ヶ月 前
Amazing. We need more videos celebrating such heroes.
softyzz69 2 ヶ月 前
Really enjoyed the explanation of the van der Waal forces cuz I use those everyday in machining
MajorMinorGolf 8 ヶ月 前
My grandfather has a PhD in zoology and biology. I'll never forget the day when he showed me a scientific journal entry with a picture of this and how fascinating they were to him. He is an ichthyologist, so it wasn't his area of expertise; however, there were always some facts he could add to a situation or story, and how he described that truly humbled me at the time and still does. I credit my grandfather for my curiosity and thank creators like you for making me extremely proud of him, highlighting fascinating things in our universe, and invigorating those who are hungry for more knowledge. Thank you.
Serenity Ball
Serenity Ball 8 ヶ月 前
I hope to be a marine biologist and have been going to the aquarium lately and seeing their feet and have been fascinated as well as your grandfather, the detail is beautiful
ConservativeRiot 8 ヶ月 前
It's all thanks to God and His design.
Netts 8 ヶ月 前
@ConservativeRiot You just had to go there, huh?
ConservativeRiot 8 ヶ月 前
@Netts why not? God is the one that deserves credit for His design.
Mihail Milev
Mihail Milev 8 ヶ月 前
That's awesome. And thank you for commenting. What did he study exactly?
Martin Leonhardt
Martin Leonhardt 8 ヶ月 前
Amazing! Extremely interesting research done there! For a long time now I wanted to test that kind of stuff for attaching prosthetics to limbs. And yes, please do climb a building with it!
nnlark 8 ヶ月 前
interesting use case!
Ekansh Gupta
Ekansh Gupta 8 ヶ月 前
Great video Derek! I have a question though, if you mentioned earlier that if you invert the Apple over then the sticky pad let's the Apple go. Which means that in order to unstick those pads we need to apply force in any direction except that of just the parallel direction, so how do geckos still stick on roofs?
Adsense Royal
Adsense Royal 7 ヶ月 前
Much support for this amazing channel. Thanks for what you reveal
nalusa falaya
nalusa falaya 8 ヶ月 前
This guy has the coolest content and I love all his videos, you learn so much!!!! Stuff that you prob won't learn about anywhere else, this channel is phenomenal
IStayHighI 6 ヶ月 前
Man I remember when I first got my gecko I was amazed with his sticky non sticky hands haha. Crazy how we have to work so hard to creat something like this while we have animals that are born with it. Amazing stuff
Riker H
Riker H 8 ヶ月 前
@5:01 "we cannot make what the geck has" loved the level of awe he has for the geckos architecture
Blobbyo25 8 ヶ月 前
God's creative ability cannot be replicated by humans! His design will always be better
uncropped soop
uncropped soop 8 ヶ月 前
@Blobbyo25 inb4 ages like milk after enough time
Ithecastic 8 ヶ月 前
@uncropped soop A fair comparison for a simpleminded atheist.
uncropped soop
uncropped soop 8 ヶ月 前
@Ithecastic I never actually said anything about religion itself, just that humans will eventually be able to create things on the level of nature, and you go to insult me on a whim, but I'm the simple minded one?
I Taylor I
I Taylor I 8 ヶ月 前
I wonder if they could use the Nano 3D printer to make smaller legs on the gecko skin. Supposedly, the printer can create parts around 500 nanometers, though the materials the Karlsruhe Institute are currently printing in may not be viable, it could be worthwhile having both labs work together on the project. Could be a significant improvement on the wax mold method and could be more reliable to 3D print than to use a razor. [edit] If they 3D print the mold, not 3D print with liquid silicone.
Erika Z
Erika Z 5 ヶ月 前
there's something beautiful about the statement 'we cannot make what the gecko has'. Like all our advancements in science and technology and Mother Nature still has an edge.
Misty Minnie
Misty Minnie 8 ヶ月 前
Wow this is incredible! These people must be super proud of what they have managed.
Mannorosch 8 ヶ月 前
This exact effect was the reason I studied materials science in my masters. It's just incredible how far we have come, that we are able to use such effects on materials that *.*
Enorazza 8 ヶ月 前
And how much yet we have still to learn. Look on how far from an actual gecko we still are
Dooplon 8 ヶ月 前
@Josh_728 I'd imagine so if the vinyl sheets mentioned use this force, but I have noticed some that are noticeably sticky one one side so perhaps some indeed use a thin adhesive in some fashion
Sean Kane
Sean Kane 8 ヶ月 前
@Enorazza Right? I'm so curious how much better is the gecko than the artificial version, considering we seem to be able to fill the same surface area. Is it something like 80% as good, 95% as good? What if it were like half as good as the gecko? Crazy to think of the possibilities were that the case and we just need to iterate on the processes
seasong 8 ヶ月 前
Very cool, what materials are you working on now?
Enorazza 8 ヶ月 前
@Sean Kane as they say in the video, what they can do is a very raw bad approx of what a gecko can. I would say they do not more than a mere 5-10% (i am being optimistic) and so, the possibilities are HUGE. We need to learn how to build something purely from a DNA.. like a cell does. Crispr is great to modify DNA, but to have a sheet of "gecko foot" made from the Gecko DNA (and then even improving it!) is pure science fiction nowadays. Having this capability will open the "God door" with unimaginable possibilities. We are so so far from that (50 years?)
Nick B
Nick B 6 ヶ月 前
Knowing they used two separate pieces to pick up the tomato before explaining they did made me feel slightly brilliant 😂
PaperbackStories 7 ヶ月 前
about 30 years ago I kept a gecko in my house to control the ever-encroaching insect population. I was simply amazed at how the creature would run on walls and ceilings as if gravity simply wasn't a thing. It never had to pull its foot up like it was suction cupped, and it never left any residue behind. I would try to study it whenever I could get close, but it was a mean SOB and would try to bite me. I was completely interested in how the thing worked, so I did some research. Imagine my surprise when I discovered that, at the time, the answer was - no one knows how they work.
sami saleh
sami saleh 4 ヶ月 前
Really wonderful...its so easy, practical and powerful. Thanks for sharing this info.
Ekansh Gupta
Ekansh Gupta 8 ヶ月 前
Great video Derek! I have a question though, when performing all those heavy tasks like pulling the car, how was the material able to handle those force because the material itself is made up of silicone right? Which I know is tensile, but not that much! So how did it withstand those forces?
Ethan Alexander
Ethan Alexander 8 ヶ月 前
I’m guessing that the backing material used provides added structural support. Some polymer films can have tensile strengths of 1,000s+ of psi! (I’ve seen some up to 20,000 psi!) However it’s also worth mentioning that towing a car across smooth flat ground may only require as little as 100 lbs of force since you only need enough force to overcome the initial rolling resistance
Ekansh Gupta
Ekansh Gupta 8 ヶ月 前
@Ethan Alexander oh! Thank you ☺
Ola 7 ヶ月 前
That's so cool! I love how diverse evolution is!
Virgil Ashruf
Virgil Ashruf 8 ヶ月 前
I _LOVE_ that you've published this. My nine year old has started a new theme at school this month, called biomimicry... I'm going to show this video to her; she'll love it.
Paul Denecke
Paul Denecke 8 ヶ月 前
FuturisticToaster 8 ヶ月 前
@lowrider 99
FuturisticToaster 8 ヶ月 前
6th Wilbury
6th Wilbury 8 ヶ月 前
Humble brag that it's a nine-year-old who is interested in biomimicry.
Outrye 8 ヶ月 前
@FuturisticToaster 🤬
Sweet Rose
Sweet Rose 7 ヶ月 前
Your video has answered my questions. Thank you very much for sharing this method that works for all platforms.
Dave Tuck
Dave Tuck 8 ヶ月 前
3% That's how much of this video is accurately described by the title. This video, like all your other stellar content, was AWESOME! And I would have watched it even with the title "Using Synthetic Gecko Skin to Pull a Car".
JasoTech 28 日 前
As a mechanic I think this would be very useful as a clutch material.
David H
David H 8 ヶ月 前
I think the chain ladder acts similar to the mould effect chain thing. it looks like the ladder on the left gains a tiny bit of acceleration when the leading edge of the ladder rung hits the table.
Rusty Nail
Rusty Nail 4 ヶ月 前
I live in rural Thailand along the Mekong River and we have plenty of large tookays (more than 1 kilo). When they run away from a threat, their feet make a soft "ripping" sound like velcro unzipping itself. This noise is not present when they walk normally.
Samurai Pipotchi
Samurai Pipotchi 8 ヶ月 前
The fact that it only took six of those tiny robots to pull a car is kind of insane.
trufflepig 8 ヶ月 前
What are you talking about? It was four pieces of gecko tape that supported the winch that pulled the car
TigerGold 59
TigerGold 59 8 ヶ月 前
@trufflepig did you watch the video? There were two car pulling tests…
Okram of Facebook
Okram of Facebook 8 ヶ月 前
I will add without prior knowledge!
Major Motoko
Major Motoko 8 ヶ月 前
It's less than 100lbs it's exerting. Using a car like this is highly deceptive. It's still very cool stuff. But the demonstration pull is not what it seems. It's like when Toyota shows them pulling a space shuttle with a tundra. It only needed like 500 foot pounds of force to get it moving
Joey 8 ヶ月 前
@Major Motoko Its not meant to be pulling weight , its real use case is in robotic arms to handle delicate items where weight is not an issue and can not use conventional robotic arms because pressure exerted by conventional arms will damage the delicate items
Oliver 10 日 前
This is incredible. But I wonder how quickly it accumulates dust/dirt, as these would surely prevent the shear induced vdv force from being large. Eg the guy climbing a building with it, I would be very concerned with deterioration. And what happens to the material when it is wet, or soap added to clean it. Fascinating.
Amit Rakshe
Amit Rakshe 8 ヶ月 前
When i was doing engineering I was obsessed with this kind of robota we partially built I am so happy this is coming true
Rob 8 ヶ月 前
Man says "Let me know if you want me to try climbing a building with gecko adhesive" like it was ever in doubt! Great video!
Divya Grover
Divya Grover 7 ヶ月 前
Dammn..sir.. you always kill it with every video.. eagerly waiting for the next one ✨
theuglybunny 8 ヶ月 前
I hope one day this technology is adapted as plasters/medical tape. My newborn requires an NG tube for feeding and we have to tape it to his cheek, but he is allergic to adhesive and we are now in a battle over managing his poor skin degrading. It makes me happy to think how future families in similar situations could benefit from this concept.
David Ayala
David Ayala 8 ヶ月 前
I’m so sorry to hear that my friend, I can’t imagine how it is for you guys. May All the Best be with you.
Coco Jumbo
Coco Jumbo 8 ヶ月 前
This technology has lots of applications in manufacturing industry and biomedtech
dnmurphy48 8 ヶ月 前
That is so sad. Is there no hypoallogenic adhesive that could help?
Name 8 ヶ月 前
I recommend looking for hypoallergenic tape if you haven't already, many people who are sensitive to adhesive find it to be a life saver.
Clumsydope required
Clumsydope required 8 ヶ月 前
Try Hypoallergenic band aid
Sold 8 ヶ月 前
This stuff is super cool. I think in the near future there will be robots climbing buildings faster than a human can run horizontally using this stuff. This needs to be worked on more, I could see this being the future of heavy machinery too.
Kağan Şen
Kağan Şen 5 ヶ月 前
So, what will happen if we make drag tires with gecko skin? That means hundred times of grip from normal drag tires. That would be insane
Vitalik Klishin
Vitalik Klishin 3 ヶ月 前
this is fascinating, great work!
evol 1928
evol 1928 7 ヶ月 前
This seems very similar to how the gloves of mission impossible work, where Ethan scales the glass building. Except where that glove fails if the battery fails, this doesn't. Physics is so cool 😃
VoidHxnter 7 ヶ月 前
Kinda of like reverse fish scales, incredibly smooth one way, incredibly rough the other. Such a simple design but so complex at the same time.
Matthys Loedolff
Matthys Loedolff 8 ヶ月 前
I remember in one of my nanotechnology courses at university around 2012 one of the physics lecturers told us about people investigating this sort of technology. Amazing to see it in action.
Uber Ubermensch
Uber Ubermensch 8 ヶ月 前
Kinda shows how University can have a place, but it ends up being a fraction of our lives in many cases. Uni didn't really say we'd move on and never need them, for reasons.
joshmdmd 8 ヶ月 前
I've seen research like this for years. I think there was even a Bill Nye episode iirc. This is probably the furthest it's come since.
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Sam 8 ヶ月 前
2012 i was in 7th grade, interested in geckos and found the same news. Glad, that they finally understood geckos more and made gecko tape^^
WebCloud 8 ヶ月 前
Nicolas 4 ヶ月 前
Would be cool to make a racecar tire out of this. I guess it would not go in reverse, and it would have to be on a smooth road. But it would have great grip while going forward right? Like a dragster type deal
Coerciveutopian 7 ヶ月 前
This is amazing! I wanted to study this in college but didn't get the chance.
Evah 8 ヶ月 前
Looking at the structure of Gecko feet reminds me of the structure of some mushrooms. I wonder if there would be a way to engineer a fungus that would grow in a pattern similar to gecko feet to get the more sophisticated design?
Jraqn 7 ヶ月 前
this is very similar to an idea I had for a stem project in elementary school. The project was to come up with an idea for an invention based on some adaptation an animal had and how it could be used in real life applications. My idea was a set of gloves and socks that had the properties of gecko feet, where anyone wearing them could climb any surface. It’s very cool to see that that idea is actually a real thing :)
Google made me do it
I remember people telling me gecko tape would NEVER be possible, even the guy inventing this tape says so, but he still persisted and they developed something that comes pretty close to it. This is amazing! Another dream come true
KindaBlackGuy 8 ヶ月 前
Who… who said that to you.
Google made me do it
@KindaBlackGuy My high school biology teacher. She pointed out, like the guy in the video, that their suction ability cannot be recreated in a lab. Only something that mimics it.
KindaBlackGuy 8 ヶ月 前
Well that’s a kinda dumb thing to say especially as a science teacher they were also saying we would never go to the moon, fly, or breathe underwater. I guess that’s why he was a high school teacher and not a professor
KindaBlackGuy 8 ヶ月 前
@Google made me do it oh she’s a woman. My bad not tryna trigger y’all. But why was she a high school teacher… spend all that on a PHD that obviously means she’s not that great. not claiming to be smarter just that a real scientist would ever call something like that impossible. We’re just not there yet. Did you have a crush on her?
Dallen Grunig
Dallen Grunig 5 ヶ月 前
Could use a laser CNC router to mass produce those cuts maybe.. imagine placing the cuts on a bendy piece of aluminum or any other bendable metal like Nitinol that would allow the material to bend enough .. you could use it to grab cargo ships. Or latch onto objects in space without having to drill into an asteroid.
Fabricator Factory
Fabricator Factory 8 ヶ月 前
I wonder if anyone thought of putting it on tracks? Would an army tank track area equal enough area to support the force created by the weight of an army tank traveling vertically up a wall? Great video, enjoyed.
Wind of change
Wind of change 5 ヶ月 前
The things we learn from nature eh ? Amazing .
Z3r0CooL 7 ヶ月 前
They need to make the peeks ring shaped then put a small lever in the middle in the back like conventional suction cups use and just have it life slightly so the suction forces all the peaks flat then it could use the same lever to push a bubble into the middle causing a chain reaction to release. Or use a small new attic bit of suction and pressure in place of the center lever.
Hector Aframian
Hector Aframian 8 ヶ月 前
Years on after leaving school and I am continuously impressed by the quality of the content you provide for free that far exceeds most institutions. It’s just amazing how simply you explain concepts in a quarter of an hour.
Wesley Schroeder
Wesley Schroeder 8 ヶ月 前
It is free for us to enjoy, yet he is paid for his content. In fact, the more we consume, the more he is paid! An amazing system indeed.
dreadlist 8 ヶ月 前
@Wesley Schroeder The unbiased curtain nearly harass because condition especially embarrass over a jagged salt. wooden, sloppy share
dreadlist 8 ヶ月 前
@Wesley Schroeder angry birds.
King Oreo
King Oreo 8 ヶ月 前
Joshuahuk 8 ヶ月 前
Looks appropriate for handling/lifting sheet material too!
Dave Swaney
Dave Swaney 6 ヶ月 前
These hairs are almost certainly non-polar, which means this interaction is now called London Dispersion Force: LDF. I was taught it as Van Der Waals too, but for instance the AP Chemistry test calls it LDF.
Sand NuggeR
Sand NuggeR 2 ヶ月 前
It's amazing that after so much time, research and effort we're still incapable of mimicking some of the nature's wonders.
Maxine Campbell
Maxine Campbell 3 ヶ月 前
This is insane, I never knew van der waals forces could be so strong
Jordy V.
Jordy V. 7 ヶ月 前
I can see this being incredibly useful in prosthetics
David Vazquez
David Vazquez 8 ヶ月 前
Wow i remember when i was younger, my family didn't have cable so i was stuck watching local TV. One of my favorite shows was on PBS kids called Wild Kratts. These 2 guys taught you all about animals but one of my favorites was the Gecko. The guys in this show had Gecko-inspired suits which i always wanted to be real. This is really making my childhood dreams come true
Richard the Great
Richard the Great 8 ヶ月 前
You were blessed to be [stuck] watching elevated, culturally empowering, educational, quality public television. 😊
tam tran
tam tran 8 ヶ月 前
Tri Tam Tran
Tri Tam Tran 7 ヶ月 前
ly cu
ly cu 7 ヶ月 前
Stephanie Storey
Stephanie Storey 8 ヶ月 前
This is fascinating. I love this channel so much.
Falcon10911 8 ヶ月 前
I remember seeing this when it was just a theory on popular mechanics! This was 25 years ago.. To see it as a material that can be reproduced and WORKS thats awesome. At the time it was just thel understanding of what kept geckos on walls. Now we're putting it on robots
genericnameinc 4 ヶ月 前
Great Material and great video! What I don't get is: why always use pulling cars around as a benchmark? It's not like a lot of force is needed to move a wheeled object horizontally.
Aysha Munazza
Aysha Munazza 5 ヶ月 前
The video was so informative , the se facts never even occurred in my mind before , how simple things in nature work ..................................👍👏👏 Just had a small doubt , gravity also plays a part in this equation like due to gravity the material gets the initial action . in the case where it was used in the space station i understand with the help of a motor the material gets the initial action , but why would it still work when the motor is turned of , floating around the object could go the opposite way . (Are multiple pieces used in particular directions to keep it firm ? )
CAGonRiv 7 ヶ月 前
I work with Dr. Cutkosky. We couldn't have gotten anywhere with our AI robotics without him. Thanks for giving us recognition brutha @Veritasium
Geoffry Gifari
Geoffry Gifari 8 ヶ月 前
I'm surprised how creative the team got when manufacturing the material/characterizing the force. I thought it would be closer to the methods of silicon etching and nanostructure growing
Sibula 8 ヶ月 前
Honestly seemed a bit jury-rigged. But if it works why make it unnecessarily fancy, right?
Ken Sherwin
Ken Sherwin 8 ヶ月 前
@Sibula Wrong question. If you want to show something off, why NOT make it unnecessarily fancy?
si2foo 8 ヶ月 前
time and programming. also this is like super prototype level
LeDumpsterFire 8 ヶ月 前
Imagine one day in the future when they're able to properly mimic those tiny structures with something like carbon nanotubes, which I imagine would be even stronger and better than the real deal
mosk2011 8 ヶ月 前
This has great potential. If I was a 3M exec, I would buy the technology and hire the students right away.
Mikkel Højborg Rasmusen
There are signs for those who think. Truly a perfect example of intelligent design
Lo7q7le7guste7mrtf 7 ヶ月 前
Also I think it would have been good to see a timelapse of how long dods the tape really hold. I'm pretty sure eventually as enough time passes, there will be small changes and the force energy will change to some other energy form. For example if a gecko is dead, surely it wont be holding on forever.
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