History Hijinks: Rome's Crisis of the Third Century

Overly Sarcastic Productions
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Local Empire Too Stubborn To Die - Field Historian Blue is here at the scene of Ancient Rome with more on the Crisis of the Third Century.

SOURCES & Further Reading www.britannica.com/place/anci... + Aurelian, Postumus, ZenobiaThe Great Courses "The Roman Empire: From Augustus to The Fall of Rome" lectures 13 14 and 15, "From Commodus to Caracalla", "The Crisis of the Third Century" and "Diocletian and Late Third-Century Reforms", by Gregory Aldrete"The Enemies of Rome" Chapter 20 "Parthia, Persia, Palmyra" by Stephen Kershaw

Partial Tracklist: "Scheming Weasel", Sneaky Snitch", "Marty Gots A Plan" Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 4.0 License creativecommons.org/licenses/b... content is intended for teenage audiences and up.

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コメント数 964
Sean Wisniewski
Sean Wisniewski 15 時間 前
Now we just have to get back some of that medieval zeal/post colonialist spirit, and start breaking modern day governments down to rebuild them better and less corrupt. Naturally, I understand that any governmental institution will eventually become corrupt given enough time and likely a lot of stupidity, but the way I see it is that we only have temporary fixes at this point and we are best off currently removing the inefficiencies and corruptions in our current governments. Additionally, no government should be spared by this process no matter how big, powerful, small, or weak the government happens to be.
Null 7 日 前
I'm playing rome in civ 6 during this and you best believe I'm taking notes
Suzanne Berry
Suzanne Berry 10 日 前
“Everything everywhere all the time.”
Scarlet Letter
Scarlet Letter 11 日 前
Hey, I know it's a little modern for Blue's taste, but if you wanna see the roentgenizdat get it's own History Hijinks, then, like this comment!
Blixer 13 日 前
Didn’t just use Valerian as a foot stool when the Emperor died the King of Persia har him stuffed and mounted in the Temple to remind visiting Roman Dignities what happened to Roman Emperors who warred on the Persians.
Get your own
Get your own 15 日 前
Flex tape worked and still works lol
someguy 18 日 前
Im kinda sad that the galic empire didnt get become its own thing
Randomness Rules
Randomness Rules 19 日 前
This is a picnic compared to late Qing China.
Kurt Mill
Kurt Mill 20 日 前
I find this super interesting, how the challenge and crisis was used to turn the situation around. It became the solution. Im curious what would have happened if Rome collapsed in the 3rd Century? Would it have found a way to reunite in the same way it did in our history? Or would Persia have assumed the role that Rome asserted, and Christianity become obsolete? When you look at Roman (and world) history, it seems all of civilization goes through definite phases/stages. o In the 6th Century BCE, Rome emerges a republic after abolishing the monarchy, at the relative same time as both Carthage & Greece become republics as well. A new range of Greco-Roman Philosophies arise. China undergoes a similar process as great influential thinkers form philosophical circles as well that redefine social, ethical and political dynamics in the Hundred Schools of Thought. So do India, Persia & the Levant. o However, by the 1st Century BCE, this grand age of philosophy and experimentation with early forms of Democracy and Socialism are eroded by the rise of Dictatorships that progressively expend and gain power through civil wars and against Slave Revolts. To unite the vast swathes of people under these authoritarian states, new religions grow and spread, like Christianity & Buddhism. A time of simple and effective power settles: the Roman & Han Golden Ages. o In the middle of the 2nd Century CE, starting with the Antonine Plague, both Rome, Persia & China are hit by major destabilization and no longer able to handle the expansion of power. They face crises upon crises and completely divide and reform, learning how to properly administer government to maintain and restore political balance. Confucianism & Christianity are legalized during this time. o By the end of the 4th Century CE, this found stability ends. Christianity is mandated and the Jin State that attempted to restore the order Han lost, is destroyed. The Hunnic peoples swarm in and bring an end to Western Rome & China. This is a time of cultural diversification and great migrations as old political states die. New ones emerge in present day Mexico, the Andes & India, while the Byzantine Romans attempt to restore glory in the West. o In the Middle of the 8th Century CE, the period of political fragmentation begins to end. The spread of Islam & Christianity has necessitated more consolidated and multicultural governments to properly rule vast subjects. This is a time where States seek and learn to consolidate their religious and cultural power to survive, as well as strengthen borders, rather than just bulldoze over each other and expect submission. The Abbasids & Fatimids, France, England & Germany, Song, Seljuks & Mongols etc. are just some examples of this political consolidation. o Finally, by the start of the 15th Century, Rome has been reduced to such an extent it can only be conquered by the exponentially powerful Ottomans, while China has a trial run with dominating the seas before turning inwards, allowing the world to be run by the European mercantile expansion and the gunpowder states of the Islamic world. The old ways of ruling and expanding over land give way to a new naval and colonial capitalist ethos built off of the Renaissance. Individualism definitively begins to expand. Then after this come the post-Roman years of Revolutions & Industrialization; Mass Media, Communism & Capitalism; and today's age of Global Awareness & Unification.
Anika Nortje
Anika Nortje 21 日 前
Rome didn't fall in a day.😉
Ozan Akyıldız
Ozan Akyıldız 22 日 前
Dacia: day · shee · uh. it's like a "ç"
LS DC 23 日 前
I just graduated BCT and the first thing I do is check out OSP. My priorities are straight up fantastic.
Stephen Widger
Stephen Widger 24 日 前
To be fair, Commodus kinda deserved to be strangled
fclp67 26 日 前
Oh boo hoo the wealthy people are slightly less wealthy cause inflation. I don't give a fuck.
Еримей Свечников
Similarly, Tsarist Russia also faced almost similar internal stability as a result of previous Monarch's lack of interest to govern & even lack a Hair. I was ofcorce talking about The Time of Troubles!
John Porteous
John Porteous 28 日 前
Devs: The players are complaining about Rome's stats. Let's add a buff 5 years into Aurelian's reign Devs: I think we overcompensated-this guy's too OP. We gotta nerf Rome again
Connor Golden
Connor Golden ヶ月 前
I feel Blue’s depiction of Gallienus was unfair. He didn’t seem “ok” with provinces leaving his empire at all. Iirc he campaigned against Postumus but the constant rebellions and Germanic invasions kept him from diverting his full attention on him. The “Gaullic Empire” was no match for an undistracted seeing as how as soon as Aurelian came down upon him he crushed them and restored order.
reine ヶ月 前
just introduced my dad to your videos, this is one of the links i sent him. he really loves your use of the word "stabbable" XD
Walangcha Hang Yelingden
Whatever doesn't kill your state, makes it stronger.
Daedalus47 ヶ月 前
It's like the Arthur vs the Green Knight fight from Monty Python's Holy Grail, except everytime Arthur chops off a limb, he almost gets killed
Title’s a bit vague, need to be more specific
ArchArturo ヶ月 前
Goose sum
Benn Penn
Benn Penn ヶ月 前
"The decline of Rome Was inevitable Rome had to fall! The seeds of Rome's decline were present at her birth We should therefore be surprised That Rome remained so strong So long!"
madcat789 ヶ月 前
Never trust a Germ.
Nathan Pangilinan
6:00 Ah, Zenobia, who could forget that spiteful reincarnation of Dido.
Nathan Pangilinan
4:11 I see what you did there.
Colin Bisasky
Colin Bisasky ヶ月 前
Rome did seem to "reinvent" itself quite often.
templarw20 ヶ月 前
Nope-ing their own death is a good run for Rome. And if you consider the eastern part of the empire, Rome was a cultural identity for... what, about two thousand years (from the kingdom through the final fall of Constantinople). Good run.
Yiannis Roubos
Yiannis Roubos ヶ月 前
Diocletian is seen too highly. He i believe killed the empire. His tetrarchy didn’t even last his lifetime. He destroyed the économie, stript people of their rights, killed thousands of innocent Christians , and completelydestroyed the tax system. He was a control freak who set the empire on fire, then retired, saw his empire collapse and then finally after 70 years of life he did the first good thing for the Roman Empire - he killed himself
kairon156 ヶ月 前
This is pretty cool. empires who learn from the bad times are ones to keep an eye on.
Kielian Bat'leth
Kielian Bat'leth ヶ月 前
"We are gonna die. You're gonna die. I'm gonna die. We're all gonna die. Just not today." Basically Rome.
King Protea
King Protea ヶ月 前
I always knew the goths would be the downfall of civilization
TatoTimez ヶ月 前
them romes them romes gonna stab around
Jason Sterling Entertainment
Diocletian: There may come a day when Rome fall, buried beneath somw new empire, but it is not this day!
Jayden Liberty
Jayden Liberty 2 ヶ月 前
Sophia Perez
Sophia Perez 2 ヶ月 前
Zenobia was quite interesting because when she conquered Egypt, she claimed she was descended from cleopatra and was sometimes referred to by the name cleopatra.
Owen Flude
Owen Flude 2 ヶ月 前
If only anarchy had heard the following: 'Dont stab a man with nothing to lose, all you've done is given him a knife' He used that knife to fix the empire
Lacidar 2 ヶ月 前
For the people who wonder why rome was a big deal: this is why.
Blobby Blob
Blobby Blob 2 ヶ月 前
the lack of blue in the past 2 weeks gives me hope that he’ll do a RE summarized of the empire after Augustus
Nguyễn Văn 阮文
I have a PHD in Roman history and I've got to tell you: this is an amazing video. Keep up the great work!
태선우TaeSunWoo 2 ヶ月 前
When wasn’t Rome in a crisis
Cliff Cardi
Cliff Cardi 2 ヶ月 前
Aurelian: “Hey guys! I fixed the Empi-“
TuneLola 2 ヶ月 前
Wasn't Elagabalus a trans woman though?
Sir Jaojao
Sir Jaojao 2 ヶ月 前
Possibly, it is difficult to tell since all the accounts are extremely negative towards him/her/them
BlackJack5555 2 ヶ月 前
Video suggestion: the wars of successors for Alexander the Deceased's empire.
João Artur da Silva Piteira
>you will never help Dominus plant cabbages
Donny J.S Venatus
Donny J.S Venatus 2 ヶ月 前
1:47 *Military Dictaorship Intenseifes* Sulla and Ceaser in the back: Ah im so proud Rome when it brakes into civil war: Ah my favorite time of the day...CLASS
Povlennebo 2 ヶ月 前
I just want to thank both of you, your videos always cheer me up :) thank you for the work and effort you put into your videos, and I love your ways of narration and style :)
Zarek the Heretic
Zarek the Heretic 2 ヶ月 前
Blue, I dare you to do an objective summary of the history of the Balkans. And yes make sure to go in detail about the three biggest powder keg regions: Croatia, Bosnia and Serbia.
Danilo Feliciano
Danilo Feliciano 2 ヶ月 前
You guys are awesome. Just so you know, the timeskip needed to happen, there's a hidden plot left unresolved that's tied up in biblical translation and Blackstone's Commentaries. Much love, will donate when I can.
RealmRabbit 2 ヶ月 前
Yeah, did a class on Ancient Greece and Rome... We mostly skipped over the whole Crisis of the Third Century just talking about what it was and such... We went into how it started and Maximinus Thrax and then basically went all the way to Diocletian... History professors be like "Nope, not really touching that mess in detail..." Same with when I had a class on Southeast Asian history and that professor had us learn I think most or all of the Chinese dynasties, but the parts when China shattered into a ton of pieces he avoided going into detail really... Only so much time in a class and there's way too much to cover going on all over the place when your empire falls apart... ALTHOUGH my classes involving the Macedonians seem to be okay going into what happened with the Diadochi a lot more oddly enough...
A r s e n i q u é
A r s e n i q u é 2 ヶ月 前
Pretty damn uncool of you to misgender Elagabalus, did not expect that from OSP..
Violet Vulpix
Violet Vulpix 2 ヶ月 前
Every time the Goths come up, I can’t help but imagine an entire country full of platform-boot-wearing-all-black-clad-poker-faced teens.
SinZeto 2 ヶ月 前
i wonder if, after dioclition, rome did reform the empire to be more of a repulic instead wouldnt they be more stable later on?...the real question is would they be able to stay 2 minute without stabing each others back for a few penny? xD
Jacob Ringenwald
Jacob Ringenwald 2 ヶ月 前
10:19 I've been saying this for years. Couldn't word it better myself 👏
andrew reynolds
andrew reynolds 2 ヶ月 前
Lania22 2 ヶ月 前
What frontier you ask? It’s The Battle frontier! Pokémon!
Da Queen Clean
Da Queen Clean 2 ヶ月 前
Did y’all ever do a trope talk: power swaps or body swaps? If not it sounds fun
Jakub Wojciechowski
Jakub Wojciechowski 2 ヶ月 前
Can you guys please add your subtitles more mindfully? I need to keep switching it on and off because of these god dam texts everywhere in Blue's videos!
Ieago 2 ヶ月 前
Diocletian was also unique among Roman autocrats and rare among history's more ambitious in that he actually quit while he was ahead and lived in peace before dying of old age. (Or possibly suicide at a ripe old age.)
InsomniacJackal 2 ヶ月 前
Rome is just the saying 'not today, Satan' but in an empire... republic... semi-orderly mess... thing.
morinc75 2 ヶ月 前
a comment for the almighty algorithm !!
Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi
Can you talk some more about Commodusand Egabalus? "Hijinks" seems to exemplify those two.
Michael Waddell
Michael Waddell 2 ヶ月 前
This is very fitting to a particular republic in our own times. Wonder who it is…..
John Ageton
John Ageton 2 ヶ月 前
Ro.e would die but not yet sounds like an amazing play
Brandon Lokison
Brandon Lokison 2 ヶ月 前
The prequel memes have ruined me, whenever I hear the words "X to be sure" my brain instantly follows it with- "-but a welcome one"
Dom Witte
Dom Witte 2 ヶ月 前
It’s worth noting that at this point in Rome’s history, most of the higher ups and important people like Aurelian and Diocletian weren’t even from Italia, but places like Dalmatia and Thrace. Italy was becoming more and more of a backwater, which is another reason why Milan became the capital instead of Rome.
Sir Jaojao
Sir Jaojao 2 ヶ月 前
Indeed, Caracalla had also made all free people living in the Empire citizens
Sir Jaojao
Sir Jaojao 2 ヶ月 前
Indeed, Caracalla had also made all free people living in the Empire citizens
the heartless gentleman
i must make a goth pun but i wont because i have manners
Crimson Tanooki
Crimson Tanooki 2 ヶ月 前
Could you do a Classics Summarized of Gulliver's Travels?
Arya Osel
Arya Osel 2 ヶ月 前
@Overly Sarcastic productions red should make a miscellaneous myths on Hanuman
Erick Garza
Erick Garza 2 ヶ月 前
Diet Federalism...coming to a soda shelf near you!
Lou Gagliardi
Lou Gagliardi 2 ヶ月 前
otherwise known by its alternate title: Crisis on Infinite Empires
mameshibe 2 ヶ月 前
read parenti
Technosupport 2 ヶ月 前
You and Extra Credits should do a collab it would be an amazing video Like so OSP sees
Scr3aming3agle 2 ヶ月 前
Rome is the equivalent of the black night *loses Britannia, Gaul and Hispania* Rome: Tis but a scratch
MegaCake1234 2 ヶ月 前
Just gonna point, vaccines don't solve plagues, they just evolve stronger ones.
MegaCake1234 2 ヶ月 前
​@Generic Channel Name I'd rather reserve the vaccines for those who will die from an infectious disease, we can already treat and cure pretty much every disease that we have a vaccine for, the only folks who need a vaccine are those at high risk who couldn't be treated by such methods without dying. That way our immune systems build up against the struggle and we don't develop autoimmune diseases or other problems. (which as an example, many heart problems seem to in the least be correlated from the chickenpox vaccine instead of dealing with the virus, and even has shown form of relation according to the few studies done) It also prevents the artificially forced evolution of infectious diseases to overcome efforts to vaccinate. Our immune systems aren't designed to deal with half-functioning diseases well, and its why most vaccines need a booster, if a vaccine was truly effective, boosters would be unnecessary. And why do we vaccinate against a disease that doesn't even kill? So many of them barely even makes us suffer. Also the Covid "vaccines" is not a vaccine by definition, its a form of gene therapy that supposedly is designed to mitigate damage while infected, however there aren't many studies confirming its effectiveness and not many that have demonstrated lack of harm. It also was not approved for human trials in 2020 because it kept failing the rat trials, it didn't even make it to monkey trials.
Generic Channel Name
Also, vaccines have helped wipe out diseases we used to think were inevitable, like Polio.
Generic Channel Name
Well they do both. Yes, microbugs are becoming a possible threat, but they aren’t *stonger* per se, just vaccines won’t be effective forever, possibly. For now, I’d just take the shot and wait.
TheIdealGod 2 ヶ月 前
Do you have any examples?
TITAN_101 2 ヶ月 前
It all started when someone in the Senate said "Well it can't get any worse" followed shortly by it getting worse
Vultania 5178
Vultania 5178 2 ヶ月 前
Hold up. OSP compared the way that final-mentioned emperor reunified the empire to FLEX TAPE??? Where can I find this episode? Or was it just a passing mention in the credits? Grazie!
HansLemurson 2 ヶ月 前
When you learn about Roman history, your question changes from "Why did Rome fall?" to "How did it manage to survive so long?"
AnimationFanatic 2 ヶ月 前
Rome: oh no call an ambulance! But not for me
Inquisitor Owl
Inquisitor Owl 2 ヶ月 前
Rome seems to be a big fan of the phrase "death is patient".
Muse 2 ヶ月 前
I already know about this I'm just watching to hear again how awesome Aurelian is.
Ayesha HLP 011
Ayesha HLP 011 2 ヶ月 前
Man, and I thought the First Crusade was an unstable wildfire of unpredictability
Melissa Harris
Melissa Harris 2 ヶ月 前
Diocletion be like: "delegation!"
I Just Kant
I Just Kant 2 ヶ月 前
"Rome stared death in the face, and told it to wait its goddamn turn." That is an EPIC line
MrAquarius969 2 ヶ月 前
And when Diocletian resigned to enjoy his old age they ruined his system. They even asked him to return to fix it but he said: if you could see the wonderfull cabages i have grown you would not ask this of me.
Matthew CT
Matthew CT 2 ヶ月 前
I fully agree with the statement that their ability to survive and thrive I situations that would’ve taken down everybody else, is the most impressive things about Rome, not it’s conquests!
dedf15 2 ヶ月 前
"Restorer of the World", eh? That's got a nice ring to it.
Andrew Chapman
Andrew Chapman 2 ヶ月 前
Rome's general adaptability to the world around it and what's currently burning down is what really makes it one of the most impressive states of human history.
anonymous person
anonymous person 2 ヶ月 前
Not Diocletian.
Martin Tinajero
Martin Tinajero 2 ヶ月 前
It was politics that killed Rome.
Carly Black
Carly Black 2 ヶ月 前
Thank you for this analysis. I feel like I understood and followed it a lot better than my Roman History class in college
Arngeir 2 ヶ月 前
What about an episode about all the times Chinese dynasties told death to fuck it? Like Wang Mang crisis during the Han Dynasty and Wu Ze'tian debacle during the Tang Dynasty.
Peter Ingraham
Peter Ingraham 2 ヶ月 前
I really don't agree with how certain histories (including this one) tie together debasing the currency with the decline of Rome. Yes, changes in attitudes over who could become emperor and payment of the legions / Praetorian Guard were certainly problematic. But that has little to do with debasing the currency. The emperors could have embarked on just such a destructive path without debasing the currency, and they could have avoided it while also doing some debasement. Goldbugs like to chart the value of Roman currency with, idk, moral decline or something to hint that inflation = destruction, but the inflation in Rome was perfectly normal and healthy compared to later examples. We'd hardly consider the British Empire a failure in terms of holding power, and surprise, they had inflation too. Why hint that inflation caused Rome problems? It didn't.
José Manuel Blanco Goldar
I think you are projecting modern conceptions of inflation on ancient Roman economy. Roman money was a form of commodity-money, whose value was determined by the value of the material it was made in: as the amount of precious metals in their composition decreased its value also decreased, regardless of what it said nominally. As the value of money itself decreased alternative forms of payment (barter, payments in kind) had to be used, with the consequent loss of confidence on the economy, localization, disruption of long-distance trade, etc.
J Neemeyer
J Neemeyer 2 ヶ月 前
So I knew a couple things about Elagabalus, including that the emperor is interpreted by some as a trans woman. Didn't know about the Rock Parade or the barber being in charge of the food supply. Elagabalus was a madlad or possibly madlady...
Lew Archer 1949
Lew Archer 1949 2 ヶ月 前
The curse of the gods be upon the murderer of the divine Augustus Lucius Domitius Aurelianus!
Gibran Bedra
Gibran Bedra 2 ヶ月 前
Best way to teach is through comedy. Love your channel because of the factual accuracy and the sarcasm. Is there a chance you could do a history summarized on Palestine? Maybe on Lebanon? More on the united states possibly?
Samantha Barton
Samantha Barton 2 ヶ月 前
love how the crisis of the third century is just "hijinks"
Terra Glade
Terra Glade 2 ヶ月 前
Rome: *gets back on feet, heavy breathing* I..i may die *brandishes weapon* but not today!
Daedalus47 ヶ月 前
Whole world: Panics
xzenitramx666 2 ヶ月 前
did someone say CHAOS!!!!!!!!!!!!!
kai56 k
kai56 k 2 ヶ月 前
If Aurelian had ruled longer Rome would still be here today.
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