A Picture of the Milky Way's Supermassive Black Hole

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This is an image of the supermassive black hole, Sagittarius A*, at the center of our Milky Way galaxy.
Visit www.kiwico.com/veritasium30 to get 30% off your first month of any crate!

Image of Sgr A* from EHT collaboration
Event Horizon Telescope collaboration: ve42.co/EHT

Animations from The Relativistic Astrophysics group, Institute for Theoretical Physics, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt. Massive thanks to Prof. Luciano Rezzolla, Dr Christian Fromm and Dr Alejandro Cruz-Osorio.

A huge thanks to Prof. Peter Tuthill and Dr Manisha Caleb for feedback on earlier versions of this video and helping explain VLBI.

Great video by Thatcher Chamberlin about VLBI here - jpvid.net/video/%E3%83%93%E3%83%87%E3%82%AA-Y8rAHTvpJbk.html

Animations and simulations with English text:
L. R. Weih & L. Rezzolla (Goethe University Frankfurt)

Video of stars going around Sgr A* from European Southern Observatory

Video zooming into the center of our galaxy from European Southern Observatory

Video of observation of M87 courtesy of:
C. M. Fromm, Y. Mizuno & L. Rezzolla (Goethe University Frankfurt)

Video of observation of SgrA* courtesy of
C. M. Fromm, Y. Mizuno & L. Rezzolla (Goethe University Frankfurt)
Z. Younsi (University College London)

Video of telescopes in the array 2017:
C. M. Fromm & L. Rezzolla (Goethe University Frankfurt)

Animations and simulations (no text):
L. R. Weih & L. Rezzolla (Goethe University Frankfurt)

Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Inconcision, Kelly Snook, TTST, Ross McCawley, Balkrishna Heroor, Chris LaClair, Avi Yashchin, John H. Austin, Jr., OnlineBookClub.org, Dmitry Kuzmichev, Matthew Gonzalez, Eric Sexton, john kiehl, Anton Ragin, Diffbot, Micah Mangione, MJP, Gnare, Dave Kircher, Burt Humburg, Blake Byers, Dumky, Evgeny Skvortsov, Meekay, Bill Linder, Paul Peijzel, Josh Hibschman, Mac Malkawi, Michael Schneider, jim buckmaster, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Stephen Wilcox, Marinus Kuivenhoven, Clayton Greenwell, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal

Written by Derek Muller
Animation by Ivy Tello, Mike Radjabov, Maria Raykova
Filmed by Petr Lebedev









コメント数 9 429
Just Some Guy without a Mustache
Absolutely jaw dropping how inconceivably huge these supermassive black holes are. I always love it when Veritasium delves into the topic of space.
Lean 17 時間 前
@Wargamulaya -වර්ගමූලය ayo 🤨🧐
Lance Gabriel T. Madrazo 黄建元
srsly tho, seeing you in every comment section in every video is like becoming normal for me. it scares me
Suchithra S
Suchithra S 8 日 前
The world needs teachers like him! Watched many videos about Sgr A* imaging and none of them explained it as clearly and simple as he did! I am marking this video as my black hole reference.
Sen14 22 時間 前
@Mark I would rather learn 99% correct and get 1% wrong, than learn 100% correct but omit 50% out of boredom.
Groudon 3 日 前
@Mark People now aren't gonna let him catch a break on that one, are they?
Chad 4 日 前
you know these guys smoke alot of herb to do what they do...
Heyovv 4 日 前
black holes are like a bug who didn't get fixed before the universe started, who forgot to turn off gravity if there's too much matter in one place
Mike Delgrande
Mike Delgrande 5 日 前
Completely agree. He’s an excellent teacher.
L B 7 日 前
This was so rewarding to watch and fascinating to learn how far we’ve come in proving black holes exist. In my college astronomy texts from just two decades ago it was all still considered just theoretical. Thanks Veritasium!
thoa tran
thoa tran 9 時間 前
Sikt 6 日 前
@scowie ROFL
scowie 6 日 前
@Alexandre Betioli That's got nothing to do with gravitational lensing (and I have never heard anyone claim it is anyway!).
Alexandre Betioli
@scowie So we shouldn't see the light ring on a full moon eclipse.
scowie 6 日 前
We haven't proven that black holes (as described by General Relativity) exist. The fact that these stars orbiting Sagittarius A* display no gravitational lensing effects whatsoever goes to show that the GR explanation of gravity is false - gravity is not the bending of spacetime at all. The path of light is unaffected by gravity. Gravitational lensing is a myth. All the observations that are claimed to be examples of gravitational lensing are really just good old refractional lensing in the density gradient of a gas cloud or an atmosphere.
soiung toiue
soiung toiue 4 日 前
Your dedication and interest to make us understand the concepts are extremely adorable. This is the best explanation I have ever seen on the internet.
10 ON 10 - Travel & Entertainment
*universe is so crazy to grasp, at one time you get the feeling of existential crisis on the another instance you want to fly in the space and see what all is happening in the space, sometimes you feel if you had the superpower to go back in time that would have been great...*
R T 日 前
Why is this so on point? Nooooooo😭😭💔
hecker 9 日 前
More space please. This was absolutely amazing. Thanks.
ipanda0121 roblox
ipanda0121 roblox 9 時間 前
Hecker is gonna heck space 💀
Furious321 2 日 前
I think there's enough space out there as it is, to be frank.
Nen Master5
Nen Master5 5 日 前
@Capricorn Sure is!
Capricorn 6 日 前
Amazing but crazy
Freddy Fazbear
Freddy Fazbear 6 日 前
@Nen Master5 dude i only said „when hecker“ nothing else. 🤓
Денис Сиренко
Thanks Derek! But it still remains unclear to me: if the accretion disk can be directed towards us, then why can't we see its leading edge crossing the central region of the image? After all, some of the rays from it are not directed in orbit around the black hole, but directly towards us, and, in theory, should not change their trajectory (well, or almost).
Денис Сиренко
@trbz_, It does not have to be thin, only if disc crosses black hole exactly in the middle, which is very unlikely. Unless, of course, there is some correlation between the planes of rotation of the accretion disk and the entire Milky Way, as a result of which we automatically look at the disk exactly from the side.
trbz_ 日 前
For the M87 black hole, it ended up being that we are looking towards it from a pole, rather than from the side. For Sagittarius A*, the resolution is too low to be able to make out the thin bisecting line of the disk.
Fadi Afa Al-Refaee
Hello Derek, I applaud as excitedly as I can what you do; thrilled my pre-teen children look forward to each of your videos and deeply satisfied and comforted when they walk away fascinated and excited how they learned a fundamental and complex concept that might have otherwise been too difficult to grasp. I feel less disappointed as a father bent on staying in "scientist" mode that you and the videos you deliver exist! You have my eternal gratitude and my undying support!
cgPlays 4 日 前
that’s really cool dude
Sudip Bishwakarma
This is mind bending. Your explanation is so easy to grasp given the complexity of the subject matter. Now I have some level of understanding when I look at the image. Thanks! 😁
Anwesh Das
Anwesh Das 2 時間 前
It's so fascinating to see concepts of Wave Superposition, Hugen's Principles, Young's Double slit experiment and Reflecting Telescopes I am currently studying in high school being applied to get images of a real black hole..
Advesh Darvekar
Advesh Darvekar 10 日 前
This is hands down the best explanation of a black hole I've ever heard.
giang kim
giang kim 7 時間 前
Darahaas Vadlamudi
@streuthmonkey1 And exactly what did you research which thousands of scientists and astrophysicists around the world didn't to tell that black holes don't exist? What is your field of study?
Darahaas Vadlamudi
@streuthmonkey1 LOL the only one unscientific here is you. What degree do you have to make such nonsensical assumptions? And btw I'm not religious.
@scowie An excelent summation of the methods used to create this fictional image and the failings by Veratasium when it comes to this field when he does so well in exposing the flaws of many others.
@Darahaas Vadlamudi Proven fact?! lol How very unscientific of you. Hardly surprising for someone with a pseudo-religious mindset!
misolou fout
misolou fout 5 日 前
The fact that I could understand everything you said, speaks volumes about your ability to teach. Thank you for making me feel smarter than I actually am!
Mike Delgrande
Mike Delgrande 5 日 前
Man, thank you for making these videos. I’ve been obsessed with astronomy and Astro physics my entire life but you somehow have a way of explaining things that helps me to understand better than ever. I’ve thought about that image of a black hole from interstellar for years now trying to figure out why it looked the way it did. I knew it had a lot to do with the mass and warping of space time but this video is so informative. Thanks again for the great content.
Great A'Tuin
Great A'Tuin 2 日 前
Thank you so much for the visualisations. Even though I am interested in astrophysics for decades, I found few explanations which show in a simple yet accurate way how astrophysics actually work.
Nat Levasseur
Nat Levasseur 5 日 前
Thank you for explaining how the image was obtained. I love learning about the science and techniques used to arrive at a discovery, or in this case, in getting an image of something so incredibly far away.
MrMattie725 10 日 前
The craziest thing to me is that these images just confirm our theories. We had visuals of black holes purely based on the Maths. A random guy on the street could have a decent image of a black hole because a movie did the effort to represent it correctly (minus the lighter and darker parts). And only a few years later, we manage to take a picture which just happens to be exactly what we expected.
What if black holes are the reason that space is a vaccuum
Luca Dr
Luca Dr 日 前
Our theories? Our maths? 🥹
P A.L.
P A.L. 2 日 前
@Bob Guy Red or Blue shifts?
MasonInAJar 2 日 前
@八神こう couldnt have put it better
Do Fostaine
Do Fostaine 3 日 前
I mean, what were the alternative possibilities? Square, triangle, heart-shaped? Not much to choose from really. It wasn't as if we were trying to predict what the dinosaurs looked like without their fossilised remains.
E 6 日 前
Goosebumps! The power of mathematics and science. Forever in love with knowledge! Great work Derek, thank you.
Anirban Chakraborty
The best part of this video is that Derek looks extremely happy and excited when he explains the image with his cardboard model... This is why I love people like Derek Muller, Physics Girl, Michael Stevens - they are just soooo happy and enthusiastic to teach us such complicated topics in a simple yet profound manner. To me, people like these are not in anyway inferior to those who look up at the sky and solve the mysteries of the Universe.
Fraser Kerr
Fraser Kerr 6 日 前
The three people you mentioned are very talented science communicators. We need them to digest the information for those of us (me!) who are not experts in the fields that they delve into. They make the information so accessible! I agree: they are not inferior at all.
TC 4 日 前
Idk, there’s something hunting and beautiful about the finality of the theoretical existence of an object as mind bending as a black hole; let alone a supermassive black hole in our own backyard. It’s as awesome as it is frightening. We’re truly but a pale blue dot/a mote of dust
Shiva Reddy
Shiva Reddy 3 日 前
very true, brother
Juan José Pérez Caridad
This is the most understandable explanation I have seen of the operation of a radio interferometer. The graphics are very clear and awesome. Thank you so much!
Achintya SG
Achintya SG 10 日 前
10:31 the way the black hole's picture appears from just black and white lines, is truly amazing.. hats off to the people who took this amazing image of our closest supermassive black hole
DerVerdammte 6 日 前
@West_47-122 no, everybody should learn
SH4BBI 10 日 前
@Kyle Foster "One day computers will be as good as they were back in 1969 and they will be capable of doing such things." wat?
West_47-122 10 日 前
@James Baloun So, only scientists and brainiacs should get to use advanced technology?
Kyle Foster
Kyle Foster 10 日 前
Yeah man if you pay a good computer graphics guy to make anything out of basically nothing. I took a picture of my racing streaks from my underwear, they were just some brown lines on white underwear. I sent it to this guy on fiver and he was able to render it and it turns out was an exact copy of an irregular galaxy they really do some amazing work. I find it really interesting how I took photos of my house over a course of several years. In some pictures my windows are the size of my door and then they look as they should in other pictures. I discovered this phenomenon when looking at pictures of the earth though the years and noticed the continents are all different sizes in each picture. Space is some really crazy stuff, one day I hope we can re-build the telemetry data on how to leave low earth orbit and go to the moon. One day computers will be as good as they were back in 1969 and they will be capable of doing such things.
alan smithee
alan smithee 10 日 前
@streuthmonkey1 There was no image taken by the telescopes, they took light phase and timestamp data. That data was used to construct an image after the fact. The number of pixels in that final image can be however many or as few as you want, and it doesn't change the quality of the input data. What exactly are you referring to?
mnpanon 7 日 前
I read a book about black holes back in high school in the 80's, and it sparked an interest in me ever since. We've come a long way since then, and I've never stopped being amazed by them.
bcvbb hyui
bcvbb hyui 7 時間 前
As always, truly quality work! Thank you for all the hard work you put into these videos! Feels like a professional documentary every time
Churail Officials
Churail Officials 22 時間 前
The way you describe the 'Earth sized" telescope at 10 minutes was so perfect.
Parth Srinivasan
I‘ve pretty much replaced Netflix with Veritasium. I mean, there are other great and very interesting channels in JPvid as well, but this one just takes the prize! Thanks Derek!
marcoscolga24 10 日 前
For anyone who complains about black hole images being blurry: 0:28 On a more serious note, seeing the image come together at 10:30 literally dropped my jaw. It's so incredible watching seemingly unrelated patterns coalesce into such an incredible image.
Jay Eff
Jay Eff 9 日 前
@Sisaska You can definitely believe in God as a scientist. All that a scientist can interfere with is the creation, if you want to call it that way. We can't use science to proof or disprove God. But I have a problem when religion contradicts science. That's like saying God is misleading us by putting us in a universe with all these rules, where we can predict outcomes correct and create a consistent image of the universe without contradictions, but the bible says something else which contradicts those rules. How about saying that nothing existed yesterday and this morning God created the entire universe with you and me and planted memories of our past life straight into our brains. God could certainly do it, and it is not less logical that saying the dinosaurs where flushed away by water and somehow became stone just 4400 years ago.
Hubburasool 9 日 前
Quran 56 - 75, 76 This is the verse which says that the place where the stars fall and. , 77-8 The part that says when the stars are extinguished) This part needs to be defined interprited(For those who mock Quran 109 -6 to you is your religion,and to me,,my religion)
Christian Augustin
@Brian Hale To see a star ignite you would need to know where to look, and when to look. The number of stars in existence is not the number of stars igniting, the sky is incredibly large. And it is not as fast a process as you might think, as it is not like the explosion of an H-bomb (or it would rip the star to shreds). You could look at the Wikipedia page to get a better grasp of how a star is "born", and how hard it is to actually "see" it, than come back and refine your argument.
marcoscolga24 10 日 前
@Brian Hale Smooth preaching segue man
seeni gzty
seeni gzty 5 日 前
As always, truly quality work! Thank you for all the hard work you put into these videos! Feels like a professional documentary every time
Your grandma blew me about
Wow. This was amazing It continuously blows my mind how much insane effort and intelligence goes into every discovery that the brilliant scientists find , that all of us just google and read about. Like it’s amazing the minds that actually figure these things out.
Peter Yianilos
Peter Yianilos 7 日 前
That we have managed to aggregate instruments across the earth’s surface to achieve once impossible resolution is a real triumph for science, made possible by the use of GPS timing and location cues embedded in computer algorithms processing results gathered around the globe. Despite my understanding it, it’s a stunning accomplishment. Still, the image of stars racing around a black hole is the most jaw-dropping thing I have ever personally seen. I have spent an embarrassing amount of time watching that loop, considering the implausibility of ‘being there’.
Dru Nature
Dru Nature 3 日 前
wow our level of science and tech is truly mind boggling. when you said we would need a planet sized telescope my heart sank, but to learn that we already thought of the solution to this problem and have implemented it, amazing! THis is the best video I've seen to deconstruct and explain the black hole image and the real significance it is, what a breakthrough!
History Dose
History Dose 10 日 前
Somehow “supermassive” still sounds like an understatement. I vote for “SuperDuperMassive”
mdd1963 7 日 前
WHen one has a black hole equivalent in size of the area encompassing the radius of the Sun out all the way out to Jupiter's orbit....; that's relatively....BIG!
Sean Ferree
Sean Ferree 9 日 前
Haha!! Love it
Hubburasool 9 日 前
Quran 56 - 75, 76 This is the verse which says that the place where the stars fall and. , 77-8 The part that says when the stars are extinguished) This part needs to be defined interprited(For those who mock Quran 109 -6 to you is your religion,and to me,,my religion))
Hello and thank you for the very good explanation of the image tech and science. Just at the end i got lost a bit and would like to ask why, instead of seeing just one brighter spot (as one can see in your simulated image due to the Doppler effect) can we see 3 brighter spots in the real image? Is it because we do see 3 diffent planes of the horizon? Any further explantion would be very much appreciated. Thank you and all the best for your next projects!
Sweetly explained! Really insightful and something that I inadvertently committed to memory, without even trying too hard. P. S.- I would suggest a follow up video explaining wave optics a little more.
SolarisJade 8 日 前
His visual was actually really helpful in explaining the bending of the light, very nice video!! Im super interested in black holes and all kinds of space stuff so this was really nice to see such a good explanation!!
Sauron's Right hand man
I tried to explain to someone why the picture of Saggitarius A* was so impressive, by describing it as taking a picture of a rabbit in the middle of a jungle, using an out-of-focus camera while standing a hundred miles away. But I think your analogy of a donut on the moon gets the point across better.
Kevin Godfrey
Kevin Godfrey 10 日 前
I'm not even gonna pretend otherwise, the arts and crafts really helped me get a true grasp of what you were describing. Perfectly demonstrated
Suhail M S
Suhail M S 7 日 前
Qawareta sail Lu kune kuse
Sean Ferree
Sean Ferree 9 日 前
Ottee2 10 日 前
Same. Definitely helped me to understand the physics.
ma3ath al3rab
ma3ath al3rab 10 日 前
Yeah me too
Abhishek Pandya
Abhishek Pandya 8 日 前
Hi, amazing explanation of how these images are captured and ofcouse love the way you have explained why the black holes look like the way it looks... I have some questions, not sure if this is right place to ask those. Questions: 1. Is accretion disk always flat in one plane? Like ring of Saturn? If so what’s the reason? 2. Is black hole responsible for motion of all the stars around the centre of galaxy? And in case if spiral galaxy, is this motion due to black hole is responsible for the spiral shape?
Buonarotti10 7 日 前
Wow, great graphics. Zooming into the center of the Milky Way is an experience.
adisltu 4 時間 前
I think a good way of explaining the warping that happens and what we actually see would be to depict Earth as if it was a black hole. If not usefull it would be extremely entertaining :)
Cyrus Leung
Cyrus Leung 5 日 前
As always, truly quality work! Thank you for all the hard work you put into these videos! Feels like a professional documentary every time
The Boots
The Boots 10 日 前
I've gotta hand it to you-- this was one of the most easily understandable explanations of why we see what we see in these pictures I've ever experienced. Absolutely outstanding work of science communication that makes incredibly complex material understandable without dumbing anything down.
Merlin 8 日 前
@Hubburasool Your Quran surah 56 verse 76 - and this, if only you knew, is indeed a great oath- Your Quran surah 56 verse 77 - that this is truly a noble Quran, Your Quran surah 56 verse 78 - in a well-preserved Record, Literally none of those mention about stars whatsoever, it's pathetic how people like you make up things.
Hubburasool 9 日 前
Quran 56 - 75, 76 This is the verse which says that the place where the stars fall and. , 77-8 The part that says when the stars are extinguished) This part needs to be defined interprited(For those who mock Quran 109 -6 to you is your religion,and to me,,my religion)
Rafał Pawłowski
The sequence generating black hole image from those stripes was a real mind = blown moment.
Panamanian Viking
I love the quality in the structure of how and when you choose to present each concept
I am not pro
I am not pro 6 日 前
15:37 This animation explained all. I loved how he explained the image of black hole and we seeing a whole sphere around black hole in the circular image we see was mind blowing learning 😊 Keep up the good work Veritasium❤💕
Dr. Dhruvrajsinh Jadeja
Just amazing!! This cleared my most puzzled question regarding telescopes that if space telescopes actually works like normal telescopes then we might be seeing in the past as light takes several years to reach earth!!! For example if planet is 500 lightyears away it takes 500 years to reach the image of the planet to reach earth but in forms of wave it is much simpler because to make the telescope that can focus the light from this distance is physically impossible but focusing waves is different thing. But this video actually makes me wonder what happens to waves that is around the black hole please answer my question anyone.
Rabiosa- 👈𝓕**СК МЕ - СНЕ𝓒𝓚 𝓜𝓨 Р𝓡0𝓕𝓘𝓛Е🔞
Absolutely jaw dropping how inconceivably huge these supermassive black holes are. I always love it when Veritasium delves into the topic of space.
Dominic LoBue
Dominic LoBue 10 日 前
As technically impressive as these renderings are, the clip showing those stars zooming around apparently nothing is what blows my mind. I feel like I could watch that for hours and still be fascinated...
Konw The Trut!!!!!
@Brian Hale you're really hung up on this one. I really don't know what else to say to you. Write a peer reviewed journal on this, I guess. You'd win the nobel prize for your discoveries, for sure. You'd get more going that route than what you can get from writing comments on youtube. Go get yourself that prize, my guy.
Brian Hale
Brian Hale 7 日 前
@Konw The Trut!!!!! no one should call themselves a scientist and say that plasma fusion is a slow process which is unobservable.
Konw The Trut!!!!!
@Brian Hale well, we haven't observed every star ever so there's still a lot we haven't seen. I also think you need to brush up on in terms of astronomy. Lemme guess, your astronomy lessons came from the Bible?
Felix B.
Felix B. 7 日 前
Super interesting video thank you a lot! Interference is really our best buddy for the detection of the smallest deviations of... well anything. Can you elaborate how mass ever falls into a black hole? From the view of an outside observer time at the event horizon should be stretched to infinity. So how would a black hole ever grow?
Matthew B
Matthew B 7 日 前
I could listen to you explaining the image of a black hole everytime :') loved the explanation of how the network of telescopes are able to combine their images and produce the images of the black holes too thank you
Csaba Bánki
Csaba Bánki 7 日 前
Mind.. Blown! I've tried to learn a lot about black holes for a while now but this video explains so much so well it's fantastic. Thank you so much for making these videos!
TheLionsize08 7 日 前
That was so cool, thanks a lot, I've always wondered why blackholes were depicted like that! You made it make so much more sense to me now! Even so, it is still fracking mind-blowing to me! (need to save this one to watch again and again)
Aleis in Wndrlen
Aleis in Wndrlen 10 日 前
In 2019 we had our first ever look at a black hole, pretty much confirming Einstein's theory of relativity, made over 100 years ago. And 3 years later, we finally captured the image of our galaxy's centre, which was for the longest time thought to be near impossible due to the many space debris and dust clouds covering it. It's truly fascinating to see how far our technology has improved in just a span of a few years.
Tucsonan Dude
Tucsonan Dude 7 日 前
Actually, it is NOT einstein's theory of general relativity. It was plagiarized from Hendrik Lorentz and credited to that overly-glorified patent clerk.
pyropulse 10 日 前
the 2019 image was only 2 pixels; it literally confirmed nothing, as advanced mathematics they used can literally produce any image you want. The just threw out all the image processing that didn't look like a 'black hole.'
Austin G. Designs
@notforsale today He has done this on trending videos for years he isn't stopping anytime soon. It is better to ignore him.
Nency-🔞T[A]P Me!! to Have [𝐒]𝐄𝐗 With 𝐌𝐞
Absolutely jaw dropping how inconceivably huge these supermassive black holes are. I always love it when Veritasium delves into the topic of space.
G K 3 日 前
This was just awesome. But I actually had a doubt, where does Hawking radiation fit into the explanation that you gave? Don’t we see that? To be honest I only have a little knowledge of waves and interference. Since I just completed school and so don’t really know much about the Hawking radiation and am genuinely curious
Johnathan Krausrig
The grade of precision and Detail you provide is superb! Thanks for explaining how the Radio telescopes working together. I was looking for a explanation for that since we got the first picture of a blackhole
Naud van Dalen
Naud van Dalen 5 日 前
This is a really interesting and informative video about black holes. It's very impressive how astronomers have been able to create this image of the Milky Way's black hole.
Paul Donlin
Paul Donlin 10 日 前
I've gotta say that your "what does a black hole look like?" explanation is by far the best. I re-watch that video with some frequency while trying to explain black holes. They're basically a spherical "fun-house" where light does all kinds of wacky things. Even the paper written by the visual effects developers for Interstellar leaves a lot on the table in explaining what these things would look like and you do such a great job.
Allan Roser
Allan Roser 8 日 前
@Merlin oh dear I must have missed the memo that said any unsubstantiated garbage can be claimed as Scientific "fact" ..... of course under the old burden of "proof" people like yourself required to actually know what they are talking about is such a troublesome restriction isn't it? .. (Shakes head/rolls eyes)
Merlin 8 日 前
@Allan Roser So have you learned that science isn't just limited to just doing physical repeated experiments? Or are you just gonna ignore my comment and not acknowledge and learn on your misunderstanding on what science really is?
Allan Roser
Allan Roser 8 日 前
@Joe A. oh dear... another starry eyed disciple... can you please give a quick evaluation on the "image" for us? Pixel size and resolution ... let's start with something basic ... c'mon Mr Science.. let that big brain loose.
Joe A.
Joe A. 8 日 前
@Allan RoserLots of “theories” were just theories until proven true. Black holes were once a theory too. Then we discovered them. Now we even have images of two black holes. It’s looking worse and worse for you buddy. But keep having a misunderstanding of what science is, you wouldn’t be smart enough to work in any scientific field so it doesn’t matter whether you understand what science is and what it isn’t anyways.
GetMoGaming 6 日 前
You did it again, Derek! I always wondered why there seemed to be more than one accretion disc. Absolutely fascinating.👍👍👍
Jason Samia
Jason Samia 8 日 前
great explanation! I love how it makes it easy for regular people like myself to understand these things ;D Question: If the light and debris at 2.6 - 3.0 rs is a sphere going around the black hole, then why is the light represented as a flat donat pancake? If it's a sphere, then shouldn't we see a bright round glowing ball? We wouldn't see anything black at all because there's SPHERE of light surrounding the black hole... Sorry, I might be missing something... just a thought... thanks
sketchmaster23 7 日 前
we see "black" because within that radius, light cannot escape. no light = darkness. So we are only seeing the light that manages to escape the event horizon. does that make sense?
Cheuk Ling Lau
I like to watch his video. He explains things more clearly and simple. For me, like a non english communication people, I can understand the things easier.
Silentghost 7 日 前
The more amazing things is that this event may have taken many many centuries ago because our space is so huge that even light takes good amount of time to travel
Aieou Savren
Aieou Savren 10 日 前
The explanation and practical demonstration of the way the "image of a black hole" is formed, starting at 10:41, is really marvelous! Great job, Veritasium! I really love that very hands-on prop he used.
Dmitriy Tuchashvili
@Dick Urkel yeah, more like 80% of the previous video
Dick Urkel
Dick Urkel 9 日 前
It's just clips from the previous video on the topic though, right?
derb 9 日 前
@Birbdad I'm an adult and couldn't grasp it until this brilliant physical demonstration
Birbdad 9 日 前
Yeah, it's pretty genius to make an actual model in such a way. Great way to teach it to kids.
Rameshwar Shi
Rameshwar Shi 4 日 前
Would love to see simulation of Black Hole created with the help of Meta Materials. If possible to bend or refract light to such an extent, that we can actually see the light around it as the way we'd see around Black Holes.
Keller Eclub
Keller Eclub 6 日 前
I'm fascinated by Black Holes more by their ability to slow time down. And the closest safe habitable zone so someone can stay there to experience the slower time. I hope more videos like this can be made.
Breno Raizer
Breno Raizer 4 日 前
I find this beautifull From the interferance pattern mapping composing a picture (looks like a Fourier transformation, but applied to an image) Up to the description of the image, and how the warping in space affects what you see simply gorgeus
David Winsemius
David Winsemius 7 日 前
Really great discussion/demonstration. Best I've found so far. I came here after a dissappointing discussion at the Perimeter Institute channel, so you beat the PI on this one. High marks. Well done.
Scott Robinson
Scott Robinson 10 日 前
I loved the revisit to your old explanation from the M87* image. Still the clearest and most intuitive explanation I've seen, and the one I always mimic when trying to explain it to friends and family members. I've been watching your videos for over 10 years, since I was about 13 years old. I'm 24 now, working on my PhD in Astrophysics. Even with the knowledge and experience I've gained from my education, I still find that your explanations are usually robust, intuitive and very visually appealing. You're an inspiration Derek. I will be sure to thank you in the acknowledgements of my thesis when the time comes, because I don't think I'd be where I am without your videos, and the videos from other science communicators.
Hubburasool 9 日 前
Quran 56 - 75, 76 This is the verse which says that the place where the stars fall and. , 77-8 The part that says when the stars are extinguished) This part needs to be defined interprited(For those who mock Quran 109 -6 to you is your religion,and to me,,my religion)
Scott Robinson
Scott Robinson 10 日 前
@Sha Smi Thank you. I just want to say that if you're under 50, I don't think it's too late to make some sort of career in science if you really want to. There were quite a few students in their 30s and 40s on my undergrad physics course. I was also on that path of drugs, alcohol and partying, at a very young age. Discovering a love of science was one of the things that really pulled me away from that. It made me feel like I was an outsider compared to the crowd I was in with, so one day I just cut them off. I was a bit of a recluse for a few years after, but it was good for me in the long-run. I've been going to gigs regularly since I was 16 though, I don't think that's hindered my focus at all over the years.
Vigilant Cosmic Penguin
It's always great to see a story of science communicators inspiring scientists.
Yunus Jauhari
Yunus Jauhari 10 日 前
That's really great
Sha Smi
Sha Smi 10 日 前
Hi, fellow stupid, unintelligent human and neighbor of yours here… just wanted to thank you for going into that field and helping advance science and our understanding of the cosmos. If I could go back and redo my life I would have chosen the same career path. I chose to mess around in school, do drugs, go to concerts, ect. Although I don’t regret my choices and I had a BLAST none of it helped humanity or the advancement of our species. It’s bigger folks like you that do that so I thank you, and Derek. ❤️
Márton Nagy
Márton Nagy 4 日 前
Derek is one of the few JPvidrs (= Science Educators) making JPvid making sense at all. It is incredibly hard to explain complicated topics in a way that any reasonably educated people can understand. Great work!
N cM
N cM 2 日 前
This is both fascinating and absolutely terrifying. Thank you.
Wow, the combination of all the different wavelength distortion blew my mind. Such an elegant solution!
Florian Witteler
Great explanation and awesome visualizations! But still 🤯 I'm in awe by all the clever people figuring these things out. These images also remind me of the images on a speeding ticket. Quite expensive for an image with such a bad resolution ;-)
Clancy James
Clancy James 10 日 前
As a radio astronomer myself, I've got to say that your explanation of interferometry was amazing. Might point some of my students towards it!
Hubburasool 9 日 前
Quran 56 - 75, 76 This is the verse which says that the place where the stars fall and. , 77-8 The part that says when the stars are extinguished) This part needs to be defined interprited(For those who mock Quran 109 -6 to you is your religion,and to me,,my religion)
Tim the Commenter
Try pointing two students at the same time from different locations, to see what matches up in their homework. If you do this enough you can probably get a sense of what the video is actually teaching well.
Deepayan Mandal
Deepayan Mandal 10 日 前
Ma'am, it was so nice to hear from you. I would also love to be like you one day, I love spacetime stuff.
H. H.
H. H. 10 日 前
I think it's the first explanation I've understood.
Sir, I have a doubt. In super massive stars, do the helium atoms(resulted from hydrogen fusion) start fusion to form carbon only after all the hydrogen atoms are fused and used up (to form helium)?
Eloi Mumford
Eloi Mumford 7 日 前
Really very interesting , i always look at new Veritassium videos , sure to learn something out of ordinary , nobody can explain complicated things so clearly. Thank You. Question could we have in the future a radio-telescope on Mars doing spectacular interferometry ?
wimderix 7 日 前
Thank you sir, this the most compact but true presentation on the majority of all aspects how we look at black holes. I learned a lot in little time.
Simon Nom
Simon Nom 7 日 前
Every time I see explanations about space I'm incredibly humbled of my own existence.
Dissident Undead
Dissident Undead 10 日 前
Your explanation of the warping of spacetime and how it contorts the image we receive was excellent. Thank you
John Damage
John Damage 10 日 前
@Bearly Listening Thornhill?
Bearly Listening
Bearly Listening 10 日 前
@David Villa Exactly. Spacetime is a concept, not an object. Mathematical models cannot be warped like objects. Mathematical models do not exist anywhere in the universe besides the human imagination.
A-10 Warthog
A-10 Warthog 10 日 前
John 3:16 New International Version 16 For God so loved(A) the world that he gave(B) his one and only Son,(C) that whoever believes(D) in him shall not perish but have eternal life.(E) 🙏!!
David Villa
David Villa 10 日 前
@Bearly Listening spacetime is a mathematical model that combines the three dimensions of space with one dimension of time. Thus creating one four-dimensional manifold
N00bStore 7 日 前
One of the greatest science explainer videos I've ever seen. Phenomenal job!
Zariah Aspen
Zariah Aspen 8 日 前
Imagine being that person who’s going on a plane carrying the hard drive of one of the telescopes, a piece of a puzzle that is truly precious beyond measure
Jack Hazardous
Jack Hazardous 8 日 前
"Can you step over here sir?" Is a line they must get a lot
cd Co
cd Co 6 日 前
Hello Veritiasium, i tried to search for any of your videos explaining how does activated charcoal absorbs/removes odor. I tried researching and most of them claim that they can remove odor, but i am interested to understand the mechanism of action. thanks
Kaveh Bak
Kaveh Bak 5 日 前
So perfectly explained, learnt a lot :)
Helmut and Moshe
It's important to mention that the "movie" of the stars orbiting our central black hole is time-lapse footage spanning nearly 20 years. I showed this to someone unfamiliar with astronomy and physics and the first thing they said is "the stars move that fast?!" - thinking that it was somehow real time footage.
Henry Siegertsz
Henry Siegertsz 3 日 前
Wow, are people outside mainstream cosmology really that stupid? Almost as stupid as thinking the image shows an accretion disc with a black hole at the center, as if the image is taken in plan from directly above or below viewing along the spin axis of the galaxy, a neat trick for Earth or any galactic body-based telescopes. Or does it not occur to anyone else that if we were to observe the accretion disc of our own galaxy's black hole from here on Earth, we'd actually see it edge on?
cheo a
cheo a 3 日 前
AlphaLanguste 3 日 前
@blown215 while the speed of our solar system seems really high because it's a high number. compared to the distances involved we move very very slowly.
blown215 4 日 前
Our solar system is moving with an average velocity of 450,000 miles per hour (away from the center). How can we make footage of this hole for nearly 20 years! That's a lot of miles apart!
Helmut and Moshe
@Drinkyoghurt Relativistic time dilation on any of those stars in the time lapse would not be that significant - they are too far away for that. The closest approach for any of them has been about 13 billion km or about twice the distance from earth to Pluto - they would need to be about 50 - 100 times closer for the dilation to be very significant. The other thing to consider is that (much like in the movie Interstellar) for anyone close enough to experience significant time dilation, they would not feel anything different - their own time passage would appear perfectly normal to THEM. However, if they were to observe people further away from the black hole - they would see those people, ( their clocks, their time) moving more quickly. But, flipping it around, from the perspective of the people further away from the black hole looking at their own time, all local time seems perfectly normal to them, i.e. all of their own clocks and time passage would be normal. However, those same people looking back at the person near the black hole WOULD see that person's time moving more slowly.
jameswhatsit 6 日 前
Thankyou for your explanation, while I’ve known about the gravitational lensing of those images, this is the first time I’ve managed to comprehend it! Question for a space themed video, why do most orbits seem to follow a “2D (to the scale)” path (ie. solar system and milky way galaxy are normally pictured with “flat” orbits). Is this a pop-science misconception, gravitational or statistical cause, or some weird spacetime thing?
jameswhatsit 5 日 前
@H. de Jong thank you :)
H. de Jong
H. de Jong 5 日 前
When you have a cloud of material that contracts, it starts rotating. any velocity vector perpendicular to that rotation tends to be cancelled out by collisions, and all matter ends up orbiting in the same plane.
Cybernaut13 7 日 前
I am amazed how much astronomy has to offer in careers, I enjoy learning about Sagitarious A*, thank you!
Curse 6 日 前
Assuming nothing else better comes around, I hope in the future we have telescopes such as this located on other planets that are able to transmit data back to us and provide us with far greater ranges and resolutions of what we can achieve right now.
Brother Frojd
Brother Frojd 6 日 前
this is by far the best video I've ever seen went in comes to explaining how a black hole looks and behaves. Heck it might even be the first to ever describe it so well and easily understanding.
panner11 10 日 前
The continuous zoom-in from a relatively wide view of the night sky all the way to the stars surrounding the black hole really puts things into perspective.
kavb tyrhi
kavb tyrhi 10 日 前
Gotta love the title tho
89qwyg9yqa34t 5 日 前
I can imagine that if someone were to be a few lightyears away from a black hole, they should find common instances of atoms and bigger chunks speeding through space at nearly the speed of light. I'm glad that our universe has ambient space dust scattered around everywhere.
dcoog anml
dcoog anml 3 日 前
I‘ve pretty much replaced Netflix with Veritasium. I mean, there are other great and very interesting channels in JPvid as well, but this one just takes the prize! Thanks Dere
Tarr Bence László - NAPKAPU
Science and astrophisics is just MINDBLOWING! It is the science that is absolutely jawdropping! Your channel is so inspirational. I wish I was reborn as a scientist in my next life... ;)
QQpapababy 5 日 前
Thanks for the excellent video to explain the observation of the blackhole. So far, the scientists have taken images of two blackholes with shining rings surrounded. Does it means the imaginary pictures of a dark circle represented for a blackhole need to be replaced by the ring-like images?
Lonely Sandwich
Lonely Sandwich 8 日 前
The way you describe the 'Earth sized" telescope at 10 minutes was so perfect.
Meow 9 時間 前
Eldred 2 日 前
Astrixl 🇺🇦
@ahmed4363 Wow...
ahmed4363 7 日 前
@Niccolò Paganini yes they are and are copying comments directly from other people.
Ricardo Couto
Ricardo Couto 5 日 前
That is by far the best explanation of why the image looks like that you can find on JPvid, Derek is a very good teacher.
Tylee's Corner
Tylee's Corner 7 日 前
I love watching these videos and the theory is exciting and logical assuming a black hole really exists. It just makes good sense to us.
89erbenny 3 日 前
Question is: If we already have used the Earth's diameter-sized telescopes, we cannot expect sharper images of black holes until we have observing satellite dishes with distances to each others larger than the diameter of the Earth, right? :(
marcihuppi 4 日 前
mindblowing. i work as a 3d motion designer and the similarities are amazing. seeing the back of the black hole is like uv-unwrapping a sphere :D
Alex the Average
Alex the Average 10 日 前
When I was a kid I was OBSESSED with space and especially black holes! I remember my junior high science teacher saying they were only "theoretically there" but probably were, and that bummed me out for some reason. He said though we likely wouldn't know in my lifetime if they were surely there let alone what they look like. Yet here we are and I'm absolutely blown away!! I love being alive during a time when more and more amazing steps are being taken in space exploration. I'm 30 now and I can only imagine what things will be like in another 30 years!
Open your 3rd eye 👁
@Cullen McDonald exactly
Cullen McDonald
Cullen McDonald 9 日 前
I'm 30 and I used to be obsessed with space too... Then I grew up and started thinking for myself and know I know space is fake and this is a bunch of malarkey... Space is as real as Santa lol
Trinity 93
Trinity 93 9 日 前
@Johnny Fedora You’re right, I was just buzzing on his enthusiasm. At least we can all use the time we have left to learn as much as we can so we can pass it on to our children and grandchildren.
0.roaches 9 日 前
@Sayantan Mitra I do NOT want that
David Garofalo's Teaching Corner
Would be interesting to discuss why the gas around Sag A star is rotating in a plane that is face-on with respect to our line of sight. Not what we expected.
Ryan Explorer
Amazing, imagine we have a space door to see the black hole directly
Bomimber 日 前
Holy Moly. This Is so well explained, even my stupid brain who cant even do maths, could understand this. There were so many things i didnt know about black holes when i thought i knew most..... INCREDIBLE JOB. this is what i call a good educational video. My Respect.
Ben Miles
Ben Miles 6 日 前
Great video. I was blown away by the scale and mass of Sag.A and M87. I wonder if there are even bigger black holes out there? Are we in one ourselves? Or a white hole? All of it makes my brain fizz. I love it!
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